§ 9.5. Программируемые аналоговые и аналого-цифровые схемы. Два варианта интегральных аналоговых схем. Практические разработки. Снижения сроков и стоимости проектирования БИС/СБИС можно достичь, приме-няя так называемые полузаказные МС.


Чтобы посмотреть этот PDF файл с форматированием и разметкой, скачайте его и откройте на своем компьютере.

.





Рекомендовано
методическим
объединением
вузов
университетскому
политехническому
образованию
качестве
учебного
пособия
студентов
высших
учебных
заведений
обучающихся
направлению
подготовки
230100
Информатика
вычислительная
техника
Петербург
БХВ
Петербург
32.973.26-04
Угрюмов
Цифровая
схемотехника
учеб
пособие
вузов
изд
перераб
доп
БХВ
Петербург
, 2010. — 816
ISBN 978-5-9775-0162-0
Рассматриваются
цифровые
аналоговые
компоненты
структуры
электронных
тем
обработки
информации
являющиеся
базой
для
создания
разнообразной
аппаратуры
области
вычислительной
техники
так
смежных
областях
цифровой
автоматике
измерительной
технике
телекоммуникациях
Диапазон
изучаемых
вопросов
уровня
логических
элементов
уровня
простых
микропроцессорных
систем
числе
кристалле
Рассмотрены
принципы
методика
проектирования
устройств
обра
ботки
информации
числе
применением
языка
VHDL
расширения
VHDL-AMS,
рассчитанного
разработку
схем
смешанными
сигналами
третьем
значительно
обновленном
издании
отражены
новые
достижения
области
схемотехники
введены
контрольные
вопросы
задачи
студентов
технических
вузов
аспирантов
инженеров
научных
сотрудников
работающих
области
создания
цифровой
аппаратуры
32.973.26-04
Рецензенты
Водяхо
кафедры
вычислительной
техники
Санкт
Петербургского
государственного
электротехнического
университета
Кафедра
автоматики
вычислительной
техники
Санкт
Петербургского
государственного
политехнического
университета
завкафедрой
Иванов
доцент
Московского
технического
университета
Баумана
Группа
подготовки
Главный
редактор
Екатерина
Кондукова
главного
редактора
Татьяна
Лапина
редакцией
Григорий
Редактор
Юрий
Рожко
Компьютерная
верстка
Натальи
Смирновой
Корректор
Виктория
Пиотровская
Дизайн
серии
Тачиной
Оформление
обложки
Беляевой
Фото
Кирилла
Сергеева
производством
Николай
Тверских
Лицензия
Подписано
печать
Формат
70×100
Печать
офсетная
Тираж
экз
Заказ
БХВ
Петербург
", 190005,
Санкт
Петербург
Измайловский
Санитарно
эпидемиологическое
заключение
продукцию
выдано
Федеральной
службой
надзору
сфере
защиты
потребителей
благополучия
человека
Отпечатано
готовых
диапозитивов
ГУП
Типография
Наука
Санкт
Петербург
линия
ISBN 978-5-9775-0162-0
Угрюмов
., 2010
Оформление
издательство
БХВ
Петербург
", 2010
�\b
§ 1.1.   \b\t\n\t \f\n\r   \f................................................7
\n\f\t    \f\t.........................................................7
\t\r, \f\n\t\t  \b\n \r............................................8
!\f "\t\n \t    \t....................................................9
\f\t\f \b\t\n\t \f\n\r   \f................................................10
  \f......................................................................................10
$\r \b\t\n\t \f\n\r..........................................................................................11
%\r\f\n\f &'\n\r  \f...............................................................12
\f \b\f\n &'\n\r  \f.................................................13
§ 1.2. $\b\r \r &'\n\r  \f...........................................................15
( \r................................................................................................16
)\r\r  \f\n  \f .............................................................................17
*\f\n\r\f\r \r\r................................................................................................19
\n\n\t \n# \r \r...................................................................................22
§ 1.3.  \r \f \r +*- \f....................................23
Pull-up-  Pull-down-\n"\f\n\r...........................................................................23
)\r\r  "\t\b \t \b "\t \t\t..................................25
/\f\n\t& \b\f\t \t\b\n......................................................................26
+\t\f "\t" ............................................................................................28
/\f\n\t& \t\b\n \b\f\t......................................................................29
\t\r  \b\r \t\f\t...........................................................30
\n\n\f\r \b   \f\n \t\f\r \t.......................................30
:\t \t  \t\t\r .............................................31
\t\n\t \t\t \r \b\n\f...................................33
\t\f \t\t \r \b\n\f............................37
\t\t \r \b\n\f  &  \t\t ..................38
� \b\t \n \b\f\r...................................................................................38
� \n \n \b\f\b\t\n \b\b.....................................................41
� \b "\r\r\b \f"................................................................................42
\b\b \n \b\f\r \r\b/\r\b \b.......................................................42
\b \r\b/\r\b.............................................................................................47
\b\t\b \b \n \r\r \n\r\r\n (\r\f\r  DDR)............................48
 \b\r\n \n\r\r\n\r\r\n ...........................................................49
%\f\n\r.................................................................................................................51
\f \b!.............................................................................................51
'\r\r\b %\f\n\r \r \f\f\r\n.....................................................54
*\b\r\n \r$\b\r\b\f  \r \n\r$.........................................54
+\r\f& \b\r........................................................................................56
§ 1.8. \f %\b\f\r \b&................................................................57
-\b\r \b ! \n\b\f\f\b...................................................................59
§ 1.9.  \r\r \r \n%\b&.................................................................62
*! \n\r\f% \r\r.......................................................................62
0\f\r..............................................................................................................63
*! \n\r\f% 0\f\r.................................................................65
! \b %\r \b \r\b \f\r \t\n 0\f\r...................................65
�\r \t\n   \n\n\b \b\r\b\r\b\r \r \r\r\b.....66
+\r\r\f \r\r\n  %\b!....................................................................69
§ 2.1. \r$\f\b\b \r\r\b \r$\b&\r \n............................73
+\r$\b&\r &  \b\r\b \n \b.................................................73
*\n \n$\r.............................................................................................................74
 \b\f \n\r\b&.....................................................................................75
*\b\n\r\n\b \n \b\f\r  \r$\b&\r &.....................................76
\b \b\b$\r  \n\n\b \b\f\b& \r$\b&\r &...............77
�\r \t\n $\f\r \b$\f\t\r \r \b...................................................................78
�\r \t\n $\f\r \n \b&\b -  -�-.........................................................79
\f\r \b \r\n\r \r \f\r \t\n 0\f\r.............................................79
§ 2.2. =\r\t #\b\r...............................................................................81
\r\t\n\b \b\f\b& #\b\r\r.................................................83
  #\b\r\b.....................................................................84
С\r\n\r \f\r \t\n #%&.............................................................86
 \r \n\b\t..................................................................................87
§ 2.4. \t  \n\t.......................................................91
\t..................................................................................................91
\t -\b.........................................................92
\b!\n\b\t \t.....................................................................94
"# \b \b  ...................................................95
\t  \n\t  ....................97
§ 2.5. \b \b\t \f \n \b \b   .............98
 \t % \b &.........................................................................98
' % \b &.........................................................................99
(\t &, \n)# \b  .........................101
§ 2.6. \t................................................................................................102
( \b\b \b  \b ....................................................................................103
( \b\b \b *%\r*.....................................................................................104
  .....................................................................104
§ 2.7. (\t \b!...........................................................................................105
+  \n\f \b!.....................................................................................106
)\b\t /\b\t..................................................................................106
\b  \n: 2......................................................................................108
\n\f \n\b\b\t  \b  \n: 2...................................................111
\b \f % !..........................................................111
\b   \b \n ;\b................................................112
(\t \n  \n\n \n! \n ;\b................................................115
§ 2.8. (\t...................................................................................................116
\n\b!\n\b\t .................................................................................116
( \n! \n \b\t \b\n ..................................................119
( \b\t \b\n  \n \b\t \b.........120
:\f.................................................................................................................121
( \b\t \b\n  \b\t \b.................123
(\t   \t....................................................................126
(   \b\t \b....................................................................128
\t  ..................................................................................129
§ 2.9. -\f    % \b\b \b....130
§ 2.10. \f\b\t \b)...........................................................................132
\b)\b-:# %................................................................133
"# \b \b \f\b\t \b)....................................134
(\t \b\b \b)\b!.......................................................................136
\f \b \b)...............................................................................139
§ 2.11.  \b\t\n \f\r\n..................................................................................139
\b\t\n \f\r, \f\t\r \b "1 \n N".......................................................139
\b\t\n \f\r, \f\t\r \b\t\n \b...................................................141
\r \t \n \f\n..................................................................142
§ 3.1. \n . \t \t\b\n.  \t\b\n...............................145
\n\f!\n\r\f \f..........................................................................................145
#\n \n ..........................................................................................146
\r\f\n$\n\f%\n \n \t.................................................................................147
\r\f\n$\n\f%\n \n \t  \r \n $%\n\n\t\f\n&..............148
\f\n\t\f\n \t. '\n \f\n.  \t \n...................152
\f \b\f\t\n \n \t\b\n...............................................................153
(\f\f!\n\r \n \n \t.............................................................154
! \n\f\n \n \t...........................................................................155
§ 3.2. ))\n\f \n ) \t........................................................158
\n  \t !\n\r ))\n............................................................158
# RS-\n  \n \f*\r\n..................................................................158
+ \n\n  \n \t T \n JK.....................................................159
/\t)\f \n ...........................................................................161
\b\f \n , \f\t\r $..................................163
)\b \f\t\n0!\f \n \f\n \f\n\t\f\n...............................164
\n  \t ))\n (#.....................................................................165
\n -\f*\r\f.............................................................................................165
%\n$\t) \t..........................................................................................167
§ 3.3. #\n \n\r\t\f\n \n \t...........................................................17:
\t\b \r \n\n) \n \f\r\t  )\f\n\n) \r&....................................17:
\n)\n\f................................................................................................172
;!\n..............................................................................................................173
§ 3.4. \f\n\t\f\n \n \n)\n\f%\n. !*\n \t\b\n...................................175
\f\n\t\f\n %\t...................................................................................175
\n  \b\f \t \n\n \f\t) \n \f\r\t...............................176
\f!\f \f\t) \n \f\r\t \t \n\n \b\f)..................................177
\n)\n\f%\n \n \f\r\t..................................................................................177
§ 3.5. \f\n\t\f\n \n \f\r\f\n, \t\f!\f\n \f.........................178
!*\n \t\b\n.  \n...........................................................178
%%\n\n \f\n\t\f\n..............................................................................178
\f \f\n\t\f\n..................................................................................179
�\b\t\n \f \b\t\n \r\f\r\t \n \t\t\f\f......................................179
  \n \f \n\r\t\n \r\f\f  .........................................................180
 \n \t\t \t\f \n............................................................180
 \t\n \t\t\n \f\b\r......................................................................181
!\f\t \r\t\f \f\b\r \f \b\n..................................................................181
"\t\f\r\t #\r\t\t\n...................................................................................182
$\b\t\f \t..........................................................................................182
§ 3.6. "\t\b\t\b \f %  \t\n \r\f\r\t  \t\t\f\f............................................183
"\t\b\t\b \r\f\r\t \n \t\t\f\f....................................................................183
$& \n   \t\n......................................................................................184
'\t\f#\n \t\t\n \r\f\n...........................................................................187
�( \f \t\t\n \f\b\r...................................................................189
§ 3.7.  \f \b \t\t\f\f ..................................................190
 \t\t\f\f ................................................................................190
!\b \t\t\f\f .................................................................................194
 \t\t\f\f ..............................................................................197
§ 3.8. )\f PLL, DLL \f DCM..............................................................................197
)\f PLL...........................................................................................................198
)\f DLL..........................................................................................................200
)\f DCM.........................................................................................................201
 \f \f \f&\f\f...................................................................................202
'\n\t \t\t\n \r\f     #\f %\t..................................202
'\n\t \t\t\n \r\f c   #  %\t......................................204
 \r\r\f\f\f\b*\f\r \r ...............................................................204
"\f\f\t\n....................................................................................................205
' \r\f\n \r\f.............................................................................205
"\f\n , \r\f\n \f -\b\r\f\n - \r\f\n............................206
"\f\f\t\n  \n \r\f........................................................207
"\f\f\t\n \r %  \t\f  ( ....................................................207
"\f\f\t\n \r \b  \f\r\t\f..........................................................209
"\f\f\t \r \b\n \b ...........................................................210
$\t\n \r\n \f \b( \f..................................................................212
).........................................................................................217
  \t\f\f\f \t\t...........................................................................219
\f \n  \t\f\f.................................................................................222
/\t\t, \r\t \n  \t\f  D \f %  \t :;........................223
\b\t\n, \t\f\t\r  JK-\r  \r\n\r -......................224
\b\t\n, \r\t\b  D-\r  \n \r\f\t...................225
\b\t\n \f \f\t\f\t\n, \t\r\n\n \b \t\r "1  N".............................227
§ 4.2. \r\f  \r\f\t\b\r ..................................................................230
\r\f\t\b\r ............................................................................................232
\b!#\r \r\f.......................................................................................233
$\b\r\f\r \r\f..................................................................................234
4.3. %\f\t\b\r \f\b\r\r \t \f&\r&. '\b\t&\r \f&\r&............................237
(\f\f)  \r*\n +\t \f&\r&\t\b.................................................237
'\b\t&\r \f&\r&............................................................................................238
\f\t\r \f&\r&..................................................................................238
\t\r \f&\r&....................................................................................240
&\r& \f  \t\b\t \f\t................................................................242
§ 4.4. '\b\t&\t-\t\t\b\r \f&\r& \f \t\b\t\n \n\t\r\n..................244
&\r& \f \n\t)\t\b\n \n\r*\n \f\b\n.........................245
&\r& \f  \b\r\n\n \f+\t\f\t\n...................................................................247
§ 4.5. &\r& \f \r\b\t&\n \t\t\b\r\n....................................................248
&\r& \b \t\r /\r........................................................................................249
&\r& \b \t\r "1  N"...................................................................................251
&\r& \b \t\r "1  N"  \t)\r\b \r\f.........................................252
&\r& \b \t\r "1  N"  \t\f\t\b\r \f&\r&\t\b '*\t\f\t............................255
§ 4.6. :\t\t\n\r \f&\r&. '\r\r \t\t\n\t\b...................................258
\r\n \r\r\t\t\b \f\r\b\t\f& \t\f\r\t\b\r\t\f\r........................260
(\t\r  \r\t\r )&\r\f \t\t\b..........................................................262
(\t\t\r \b\t \t\f   *\r..................................................................263
§ 5.1. %\f\t\b\r \f\b\r\r. :\n\r. (\f\f)....................................267
�*\r;\r \n\r $................................................................................268
(\f\f) $.............................................................................................270
$   ROM..................................................................................................272
$   RAM..................................................................................................273
(\f\f) \f&\r\f $...................................................................273
(\f\f) \n&\r\f %$.............................................................274
(\f\f) \r\f \r\b $..............................................................275
=\t \n...................................................................................................276
§ 5.2. %\f\t\b\r \f  \t\n!# \f\t\f\b......................................277
 2D......................................................................................................277
 3D......................................................................................................277
 2DM..................................................................................................280
� \b\t\n \f\t \n............................................................................................281
\r\t.......................................................................................................283
-\t.........................................................................................................287
 \b \t  \f.................................................................288
\b\t \b\b\t \f-\t........................................................290
-\t \b \b\t-\b\b\t \t#\n$............................291
\b\t\n\b\t................................................................................................................294
�\b\t\n \b\t\n \b\t ............................................................................294
\f\t \n &  \f...............................................................295
'& DDR  QDR...................................................................................295
#\f \b\t\n \f\t \n...............................................................................296
\n! \t\n\f\t \n &.....................................................296
§ 5.4. (" \b\t\n\b\t ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM...............297
ROM....................................................................................................................297
\b ROM..............................................................................................298
)!\n ROM...............................................................................................299
PROM  EPROM-OTP.......................................................................................299
EPROM  EEPROM...........................................................................................301
*+-\t\n!\b\t\n.......................................................................................301
'\n!\b\t\n \b " !\t\n...........................................................303
'\n!\b\t\n \b   !\t\n...................................................................303
EPROM............................................................................................................304
EPROM-OTP...................................................................................................304
EEPROM.........................................................................................................304
\t..............................................................................................................305
\n\n \b& (/ \t EPROM...................................................................306
§ 5.5. :-\t................................................................................................307
+\b \n!\b\t..................................................................................307
*\f\t \b \f ;);-*  ;-*.......................................................308
*\f\t  \f& ;);-*..................................................................308
*\f\t  \f& ;-*.......................................................................309
%\n\b\t   &\n\f\t\n\b\t\f................................................................310
 \n.........................................................................................311
\t \b \b\t\n #\f..............................................................312
С\t \b \b\t\n #\f =..............................................314
\t \b  \n &\n !\n.................................................316
\t \b !\n\f #\t.............................................................................317
:-\t \b MLC-\f ;-*..............................................................318
§ 5.6. \b\t\n \f\r \t\r .............................................320
§ 5.7.  \f \n\t\f ROM.........................................................................321
\t\n \f\t.........................................................................................322
!\t\t  \f"......................................................................322
!\t\t \f\f\r \t\b\n\t\n\b......................................................................323
#\b\f \b\r \f"..............................................................323
§ 5.9. $\n\t\n \t\n\b\f\r .....................................................................325
$\n\n\t \t\f\f\f (\n\t\f\t\n\f) ...................................................325
\t\f\t%& '\f\n\r..................................................................................327
\t\f\t%&" '\f\n \b \n\f *+,........................................327
\t\f\t%&" '\f\n \b \n\f n-+,.......................................327
/\b\t\f  \n \n\r\b\t\f.........................................................328
#\f\f \t\f\t  \b\f\f\r \t\t\r.............................................329
 \t\f\f\f ..................................................................................331
$\f\f\f\r ..................................................................................................331
$\n\n\t \f\f\f\r ................................................................................333
§ 5.10. \n\b\f\f\t '\f\f\t\b\n \n\t\n ,........................334
#\t\t\f\n\r  \b\f\r \n\f \n\t\f..................................................334
\t\n NV-SRAM.............................................................................................336
§ 5.11. $\n\t\n  \n\t :*+O................................................................337
§ 5.12. ;\f\t \t\f\t%& \n"\n\b\t „ \t\b\t \n\n\t.........338
\t\f\t%& '\f\n\r..................................................................................338
\n-\f\t\n\r..................................................................................341
+ \n\b\t\f \f\r \t\t................................................................342
#\f\f \t\f\t  \b\f\f\r \t\t\r.............................................342
$\t \f\t ..................................................................................343
\r\n"\n\b......................................................................................................346
FPM EDORAM BEDORAM............................................................................346
FPM..................................................................................................................346
=DORAM........................................................................................................347
BEDORAM......................................................................................................348
SDRAM  DDR SDRAM...................................................................................348
RDRAM...............................................................................................................352
$\n\t\b  \t\n RDRAM.............................................................353
$\n\n\t \t\f\t\t............................................................................................353
$\b \t\f\t\t  \t   \b\n\f\t \t\n\t..............................354
CDRAM...............................................................................................................356
\f \b \f \n\t..................................................................357
  \f" \n\n"..................................................................................357
RLDRAM............................................................................................................358
§ 5.14. \b\t\n \f\r  \t\t\t\r ................................................359
\t \t...................................................................................................360
\r  \t \b\t\t........................................................................361
\t \b\t\t............................................................................................361
\t\t\t .........................................................................................361
§ 5.15. \t\f \t!\t ............................................362
FRAM ("#$\t\t )......................................................................362
PFRAM ($\t-"#$\t\t )...............................................364
MRAM (\t\t\t\f )....................................................................365
 \t OUM ( "\f\t \r \t !)........................................366
§ 5.16. $\t$%\f \t\n......................................................................366
$%\f \f \t \t\n..................................................................368
\t\b \t\f...............................................................................371
'  *'...................................................................................373
*$%\t$\t\t +\t\f  / \f\r............................................376
\t\n \t , \n \r\t\f \b...........................376
§ 6.2. ' \t\b.......................................................................378
:$ \t...................................................................................................380
;+\t"\b\t\n  ..........................................................................................381
:$ \t\r\t\b\t\t \t $\t\n..................................................................382
$\t\n \t \f\t\n...............................................................................383
:$ $\t\n \f\t\n\t.......................................................................384
§ 6.3. =\b\t\t\t \t\b.......................................................386
'\t\r\t\b\t\n \t $ $%% \t *....................................386
С \f ? \f  \b\t\t? "\f  ...................391
& \t  ...............................................................................................393
\t \f$\t\n  \f \t " \f................................396
§ 6.4. & \t\t\t \t\b \r\t\t..................................................399
CISC-\b\f...........................................................................................400
RISC-\b\f...........................................................................................400
VLIW-\b\f..........................................................................................400
@$\t\n \t\t\n *............................................................................400
§ 6.5. $\t \n% \t +\t\t \t.....................................402
С$\n \t $\n  \b\t\t......................................................402
\t  $\n \n\t...............................................................................403
'\r\f  $\t\n \n\t  +\t *'...................................................404
� 1. \b\t\n \f\r \b................................................................404
� 2. \b\t\n \f\r \b............................................................405
� 3. \t\t\r \b\t  \b\t\r\r\t \t/\t.......407
\t\f \b\r\n\t \n\r......................................................................408
\r\n \r\t\r \b\n\t...........................................................................412
!\t\n\b\t\r \r\r  "�  #$................................................412
%\r\t\r\t\b\f \t \t/\t...........................................................415
&\r \t \r\f \t................................................................415
&\r \t \r.................................................................................416
�\t \t\b\f  \f................................................................................416
'\b\n\t\r \t\r \t/\t..........................................................416
$\b\n\t\r \t\r \t/\t...............................................................418
§ 6.6. "\t\t\r\f\t\n\n. &\b\r\t\r \b\r..................................................421
§ 6.7. !\f\f \t\t\r\f\t\n\n.....................................................................423
§ 6.8. &\r \f  (\r\t\r\t\r ")........................................427
%\b\n\r \f  ") AVR...................................................................427
!\t\b\t \b............................................................................................429
\t\n\r\r \t\r...........................................................................................429
%* \t\f\n\r \t\r\t\b\f......................................................................430
!\b\f \r.........................................................................................431
�\t\t\r ").....................................................................................431
)\t\r\f\t\n+\r \t\t\b  *\r\r..................................................................432
§ 7.1. & \b\r...........................................................................................435
,\r\f(\b \t\t\b\b\t\r \b\b\f.......................................................435
§ 7.2. -\r\r (\t\t\f\n  (\r \b\f.......................................438
-\r\r (\t\t\f\n...................................................................................438
'(\r \b\f............................................................................................440
§ 7.3. �\n\n\n+\r \t\f...................................................................................441
§ 7.4. �\n\n\n+\r \f..............................................................................443
!\f\f \f............................................................................................444
%* \t\f \t\f\t.....................................................................................444
%* 0...........................................................................................................445
%* 1...........................................................................................................445
%* 2...........................................................................................................446
%\t\f \f  * 1..........................................................................446
%\t\f \f  * 2..........................................................................448
§ 7.5. � \t\b\n\t\f\n+\r \r\r.........................................................449
:\f  \t\b\n\t\f\n+\r \r\r..................................................449
;\f \t \r(\t..............................................................450
\b\r\t\r\r  \b\r\t\r\r ............................................................451
!\f\f   \t\b\n\t\f\n+\r\t \b\r\t\r\r\t ...............451
� \b\t\n \b\f \b \r\b   \t\t.........................................452
\b\f\r\b\t\n\t \b\f\b \t\t\b...................................................................453
\b  \t \t\t\b...................................................................................453
§ 7.6.  \t \t........................................................................................454
\t\t\b\f ................................................................................................456
\b\t\n \b\f ..................................................................................................458
C..................................................................................462
 \t\t\r SPI....................................................................................................462
C....................................................................................................466
§ 7.8. \t\n \r\b \b \t \b.............................................................467
!\n\n  \r..........................................................................................468
  \r \b\r \b\f \t \b...................................................468
" \t \t \b.................................................................................469
\f "..................................................................................................471
§ 7.9. " \t \n! \r \f \n\b...................................................475
\f \b  \f#\b\b "$...............................................................................476
% \b \r\b!  \f \t...................................................................480
\t\t\b &\n'-\n'&............................................................................481
()\b \b\t \b\r \f  $................................................................481
§ 7.10. *\n\t......................................................................................................482
\r\t \n\t...............................................................................................482
*\n\t 0..........................................................................................................482
*\n\t 1..........................................................................................................484
\n\b \b\t +,-\r\b! ....................................................................484
!\n\n\b\t\n \b \t'  \n\t.......................................................486
\f \n\t.........................................................................................487
�\t\b\n 0...........................................................................................................489
�\t\b\n 1...........................................................................................................489
�\t\b\n 2...........................................................................................................491
�\t\b\n 3...........................................................................................................491
�\t\b\n 4...........................................................................................................492
�\t\b\n 5...........................................................................................................493
§ 7.11. \t\n\t \b\f \b \t\t\r JTAG.............................................................493
 \t\t\r JTAG \b ! \b \t \r\f \b \b\t..................................................493
/\t\f BSC.........................................................................................................495
 \t\t\r JTAG................................................................................................495
* \r  \n\t \b\n...................................................................................496
:\r\r \t \b ! \b \n \r\f \b \b\t\n......................................496
,\t \b\n ! \b ! \r\f \b \b...............................................................497
"\n  ! \b ! \r\f \b \b.................................................................498
�\r\b\t \b \b \t\t\r JTAG.........................................................................499
" ' \t \r \b  \t \b..................................................................501
8. SPLD
 \t \n\t................................................................................................505
 \f\r\n\n\t\n \n \r (  )......................................508
 ..................................................................................................508
\f\t\t !"\t\t \b\t\n .............................................................510
\f\t\t\t ! \b #\n \r\t\b #.............................511
\b\t\n\t\b ...........................................................................................511
\r   \t$\t%  ..........................................................514
 ..................................................................................................515
&!\r\t\t #' \b \n"\t   .........................516
\r\n\n\t  \b \b !#\t.......................................................516
\n\t\t\t \f\t \b  ......................................................518
\t\t\t *\t\n\t \f\n..........................................................................519
+\f'\t \t\t\n \b ,%  \b\t\n\b .....................520
\n\t \t\t\t \b .........................................................................521
 !\t *\t\n\t \f\n..........................................................................522
\n\t \f\r   \t$\t%  \f\n'% .............................523
 \f PAL 22V10.......................................................................................525
§ 8.3. CPLD „ c" \t \f\r\n\n\t\n \t \r\t\t ................528
 CPLD.................................................................................................528
-' \t ! CPLD.........................................................................529
\r\t\t $\t..............................................................................530
\t...................................................................................................531
\t\n \n\n CPLD.............................................................................533
/ 7  CPLD................................................................................535
\n\t \f CPLD...................................................................................536
:' \t \f  \f"\t..................................................................539
9. FPGA „
§ 9.1. &!\t \t\t...........................................................................................541
  \n" FPGA........................................................................541
\r\n\n\t\n \t *\t\n\t ............................................................................543
"\t \t \b\t ...............................................................................54
\r\t\t !..............................................................................................548
\t\n \n\t"\t\t..................................................................................554
/ 7 ...........................................................................................560
§ 9.3.  \b\t\n \f\r............................................................................................563
\t\b\t \b\t\n \f.....................................................................................563
\f\t \b\t\n \f.............................................................................................566
\r\n\r \f  \b\t\n \f\r.........................................................570
\n\r\f\r.......................................................................................................572
 \b\t\r\r \t\f\r \r\t........................................................574
\f\f\t -\t.......................................................................................578
§ 9.5. \t\n\n\r\n \t\t \r \t\t-\r! \n...................582
"\t \t\r\t\f\t \r\f\t \t\t \n................................................582
\t\f\r#\r \t$\t\f\r..................................................................................585
§ 9.6. \b \r \b\t\t\n\f %&..........................................................590
\r \r#' \f\r %&............................................................590
\r \f'\f\r ....................................................................................592
(\t\f, \r )*\r \t \f\r\n\f...................................................................593
§ 9.7. +!\r\r\t\r \b\t\n\n\r\n \n\r\n..................................594
\r\n !\r\r\t\r ..............................................................................594
/\f\t\b !\r\r\t\r .................................................................................595
§ 9.8. 1\t#\f \b\f..........................................................................596
+\r\t\r \r \f\r \b\f.......................................................597
§ 9.9. \r\n \f\r\b\r# FPGA ' \f\r........................................599
FPGA  \f\r' \b\t\n \f) !\r\t\r\r...................................................599
FPGA  \b\t\n\n\r\n\n\r \b\n#\t\n\r.....................................................60:
+\f \b...........................................................................................604
§ :0.:.  \r ....................................................................................607
IP- \t. ;# \r \b\t\f!\n \b\f\r\t\r......................................608
\r\b \b\t\n\n\r\n =\r\f\n \t \r\f\t=............................................6:0
Soft- \t \b.......................................................................................6:4
Hard- \t \b......................................................................................6:8
С\r \r\f\n...............................................................................................62:
§ :0.2. FPGA \t\t =\r\f\n\t \t \r\f\t=......................................................622
\r Stratix.......................................................................................................622
\r Virtex........................................................................................................626
?\r\n  !@B-\b\t\n \f) !\r\t\r\r................................................630
§ :0.3. \r\f\n \t \r\f\t \n\r\f \f\r\b\t...............................632
\r PSoC.........................................................................................................633
+\f \b...........................................................................................639
  \t\t\f \b\t\b \f\n\f\n\b\b\t).......................................................................641
\b \b\b\f............................................................................................641
\f\f\f .........................................................................................643
\t\b\n \n  \r\b\b..............................................................647
\b \n\f \f  \b\b\b\f....................................................................649
! \t\b\n  .................................................................................................650
"\n  \b\n\f \f #$%.......................................................................651
§ 11.2. %\n \n \f \b \b\n\f\b \t\n \f..............................................653
\b \n\f  \b\n.......................................................................................653
! \n\f\r\b\f\b  \n\f..................................................................................654
\n \b  ...........................................................................................657
§ 12.1. &\b\b \f\f\b  \b  \b\n\f \f............................................659
§ 12.2.   \b \n\b \n\f  \b\n \b\f\f\f  \b\n........................665
' \f\f \b\f\f  \b\n................................................................666
\n \n \t\f........................................................................................................667
 \n ..........................................................................................................671
§ 12.3. $\n \t\b\n \f  \b\n\f &\f...........................................................673
% \b\n \f\n\b\t +\n  \b\n\f \f...................................................674
* \n \b\f\f\r\b\f  \t\b\n  \b\n............................................675
% \b\n  \n\f  \b  \r\n\f  \b\n........................................676
% \b\n  \n\f \f  \r\n\f  \b\n...............................................678
% \b\n  \n\f  \f -\f   \t\b\n............681
*\n \f  \b\n +\n \t\b \n\f  \b\n................................681
%\b\f\f \n \f \f \f \n\f  \b\n  !/$% \f %!..........682
 \b !/$%.........................................................................................................683
: %#!*......................................................................................................684
! \b\n\b\f\b  \b\n  \r-\f\t  \b........................684
; \f\r\b\b  \b\n\b\f\b  \b\n...............................................................686
'\b\n\b \f\f\b...........................................................................................687
\f \f  .......................................................................................687
\f   .....................................................................................688
§ 12.5.  \b\t\n \f\t\r\f  \f \r\t\t\t\f \f\b\t\r ......690
\b \b\t\n  \b\t\n  \f\b\t!\t\r\f\n ...................................690
§ 12.6. "\t\r\n \r\n\n\f \t  \n VHDL..........................................................694
#$\n\f\n \f \r\t\t\t\f  ....................................................................694
"\t\r\n \b\t\f \f \f \f$\n \f\n \t \f\f  .............................695
\f\n \t\b\f\f% &\n\n\t\r   \n VHDL..............................................698
 \t\n \f \b\t\r\n\n$\n \t\n \t\b\f\f\n \b\t\n ...........................................701
' VHDL  \t\n\f\t\r\f \f \f\n.....................................................701
\f(\t\r\t% \n\f \f..............................................................................................702
)\r\n\n\f\n \r  VHDL-AMS...........................................................................727
\t%\r  \f\b\t!\t\r\f\n  \t\r \t\b\f\f \b\b............................737
\n\r% &\b. \t\n\f\n +,  /\r\n\t\n \t%\r\t..................737
)\t\t% &\b. /\t  \t/:\n%   \t\b\n\f\t\t*\t /\t ...............738
+\n\f% &\b. "\b\f\f\n /\t \b\r;:\n*\t \r\t...............................740
\t\n\f \f \f VHDL \b\t* \t%\r \b\r\n\f...........742
\t%\r...........................................................................................................746
% &\b. +\n\f\t\r\f\n \b\t\n ..................................................................746
 \n\f\f \t%\r.................................................................................748
\b\t\n \f\t\r\f..................................................................................................748
=\t\t!\n \r\t\b\t \f \b\n\f..................................................................748
=\t\t!\n \r\t\b\t \f \b\n\f..................................................................758
��  \b\f\r � \t
=  /\f/\f\t*(\f..........................................................................................775
\n\n-\n..................................................................................................779
\b \t\n \f\r \n\n  \n \n  \n  \n\n\f\n-
\n\n    \n\n   \n  \b\b \n \n \n. \n-
\n! "\n!  \b# \n\r  \n\n\f\n  \f\n \n \n-
\r \b\n\n#\n\n "\b#  !,  \n\n\b# \r$ \n  
\n \r. %# \n   " \n!  \n
\n \n\b\n \r . &\n \n\b \n\r , \f\r
\n \n\n\f , \n, \n\f, \n  \n\n\f\f\n ,   \f\b\n\n!
#  . . \b$ \n \n!. '\r\n \n  \n \n\n \n
)\n \n\n \r\n \f\n\n  \t\n \n\n! \r\b 
  \n\b#  ! *  +. ). / #\n, \r \n\f\n!
" \b\t\n \f\r \t\b \b \n\b\f\b\t\b \b\f\f\b\r\t\b  \f\n\b
\n\b\b, \n\t \n \b\t  \r\n \n\b\f\b \b  \f\b-
  \f\fƒ  \f\f\n \f\t \n \n\b -
"  %   \n\n\n! \n\b\n   \r 
\t\n\n 8. . 9\n \n   3;" \n \n\b\n
\n\n \f3 *\r 3\n : \r, '#\n\n , 9 3, = &#x: , ;&#x'#, ;“, ;&#x= 33;怀6677?2
"%\f\b \t \n\b\t \f\n   \n\b \b \f\b\n \n\b-
\f\b\f\n\t,  \n\t \b\f \b \f\b,  \b\b\r \t\b\n\b\b -
"#\f\f\n \f\f\b\f\b \b\r\n\b \n\n , \b\b\n \b \f\b-
\n \n\f\n \b \b\n \t\f \r\r\n\f\r \b\t \b
\b\n\b\f\b \f\b, \f\b$\b \b  \f\f\n '\f\f\b\b  \b-
&\t\b  \b !$\b\t &\n\t \f\b -\t\b\f \b\n\b\r
\b\t \n \b\f\n\n\r \t\b\b  \n\b \b\f\n\t\f\n\b\b \n\b\n \t\t 
\t\n\b\r \t,  \n\n \t, \b \n \f\t\n\n\t\b \f\b\b.
!\t\f\t \t\n\t "\n\b\t \n \b \f\b\b „ \n\n\n \b#\b$\b\f\n -
\f\n, \n\n \f\f \f\n\t  \n \n% \n\f\t \t \t\n\n \b
\f\t. & "\t $\b\b\f\n\n "\f\t (')\t\f\n\b: !", *\t\n\n\b, +\b\t',
/ 4120063 \f\t\t\t 5\t\t\f\n\n #\n \f\b\b \t\f\n\n\r \t\b\b
" \b\t \n \f\r\f\b, \f \n\b\f\b\t,  \f  \b\b "-
& \b  \f\n\n \b\t\f\t  \f\n\t  \f\f\n\b \t\f\n\n\r \f"\f "\t-
\b\b\t \b \n\f\t\n  \n\n\t"%\t\r "\t\n\r \b\t\f"\f\t. ;\t\f\n\t \b \n\f\n\t
\b\b \f\t\t \n\n "\t\n\n \n\n\b (2000 \b 2004 .3 \n"\b\b \b\f\n\n\t \f\b-
\b\t \f\t\n\t\t\r \b "\t\n \b \b\n"% \n \n\b " \f\b \b"\t\b\b
\n\n\t"%\b \b$\b\b. & \f\t\t \b\b\b \n\n\t \t\n\b \b\n\t\b \b
\n\t\f\b\t \n\b \f\t\n, \n\n\t\n \t, \n\n\f\t \n\t \n \f\t-
\n\n\n \f\n\t\r"%\b\t "\f\n\r \b \f.3.  \b \f\t\t, \f
\f" \n\f\n\n,   \b"\t\b\t \b \f\b \t\t\b\t \n\f\t \t\n\r \n \n\t\n\r
 $\b#\f\n\n\r \t\b\b. \f\n \t \n\n, \f
\t\t \b\b\t \t\n \n\f\n \b \n-
220=00 (&\b\b\t\t \b, \n \t, \b\t  \b \t\b3 \b \f\t\b%
СС2?00 (8#\n\f \b \b \b\b\t \t\b3. ;\n\n" \f\t $\b#\f\n\n\r
\t\b\b \f\n\n \t\b ( \b\f\n\f\n$\t\n\f\t \b\t , , \t\b \b . .3 \n
\n\n \f\n  \b\t\b\n\r \n \n\t\n\r \t, \n\n\b\t \n\t  \n\t\n \b
\b \f\f\n\n\r $\b#\f\n \f\t \n\f\n\b \b#\n\f $\b\b. \n \n\t  \n\t\n
\n\t\f\b\t \n\n\b \n\n\n  \t\f\b\t "\f \t$\b\r, \b\t \n\n  #\t\f\t
& \f\n\t  \b\n\r "\n . . ., \n$. . 8. A\f"\b$\b\r, \n\n\f \b
7\n\f \n\f \f\t$\t\t\n  \f $\t  \t\b\r, \n\n\n\b
   \r \b (, 1959 .)  \b \b\t-
\r \f\b \r\b  Intel) \r\f\b, #\b \t$ \b\f  \t"\f-
\f\b \f!" 1,5 „ 2 "\f (\t$ \b\f \b \f\f\b\b !-
\f\r' \f \b\f). *\f \t\f  \n"\f\b \t!  \b"\f\b \b. +\b
 � \r\f \f\b   \r\b\b\f\f \r\r -
\t\b\b  \b, \f\r\f \f   (!\f\b
\b\b$/\b$, \f\n\b \b"\b  \f"!\b$, \t$\f\n\b \f-
0\f\r#  \t \b\f "\b  \f $ \f\b:
(\b\b\b \f, ", $   $ \b\f$
). 3 \n\b \b #  \f\r\f,  " 3 -
\t\f\n\b \f\f\r" \t\f$ \t\r (\b, #\b#, "\f\b-
, \t\f\b  \b. .),  43  43 \f\r'\f\n\b   \b#\f, \f-
   # &\b (#\f \t! ! \f\r\b\b$ \f \b\f
$ \f" \b\f\r\b). 6\f\b# $\r\f  \b  
 \f"\b  \f\b, "\f  \b#   $\t\n "\n -
   \t \b\f #\r#\f !  \b-
\f  \r"\b. 0\f\r\f \b\f 43 !\b \r\f\f\b$ ", \b \t\b \r\b-
  78 \b\f  \b\b$\n  \r\b$ 58  258 \b. "\f
\f!" ( \b  \f$ \f\r\f 98   75  \b\b\b)
  "\f "\t &\b\f   \b#  \t"-
\f, #  '\f \b\b$  \f \b \f\b # "\f "\b
43/43 \t\b \b$ $ "
"\t \f , "\f \r\f\b\f\b \f \b\f \f\f"\f-
!   \b\b \b\f 43/43 ! "\b#$, -
\b \t\f \f\b, " " \f\r\f \f   \f\r#
\t\b\b, \f " \t# \r\f# \r"
\t\f \f\b "\f \f\b\f\b  \b \f \b \r\f\f\r#\f. 6\t\f \f\b
\t\f\b \f \b\f!\f, \f \b \b$ \f\b\b \b$ \r\f  "\f \b\t
 \b \t\n \t\f. \r \t  \t \t \t\t\f  \n\n
  3 „ 4 \n ,  \n\n,    \f    \t\t,
!\n \t\t\f "#/C"#C  \f  \t\n$\t\t  \t\t \b
\n\t     \t
%\f\t \t \t$ \t, \n, "#/"# 
  \f    . \f\f  -
\t   \t$. # \b\f,  &    
\t \f, \t$ \t\f \b  \t \n \n. '
\t \t$  \t\n  *\t \t-
! \t "#/"#
\t\t. %    \n \t\n\t \t 
 \t,  \f    \t \f. + \t\n$\t\f -
\n\n \t ) \t \t \t \f ( \f %0#
). +\f  %0# \t %1#, \t\t
 \b\t      \t  *\f
 \f &\b  \t\f\t\f &   \t  \f  \t\f   \t
\b\f*\t  \b\t\t $. !   \f  \t  -
\t\t   \f \b\t\t\f  \t   \f \t -
 \t  \r !� \r �\t\f\t
"/" \f \f\t\n\f  \t\r\f, \r  ! ��
\t \t#\t,  � ! ,  \r  \r
\t$  \t\n     \t5$\t\t,  \f\f
  \t    \t, *\t ,    -
\t \b \t\f. %\t   \t\n$\t\f  \b\t -
 \t5$\t\t  \t\t \n \n\t\t\f &\b $   -
   \f &  \t\f. 6  \f 7$ \t7, 
  \f  . %\n\t  \t\t -
  \b\t \f .    \n\t\t   -
2\t \n, "#/"#    \t\n$\t  \b\t \b 
 \n\t,    \b\t  \t\b$\t\t \t, 
\t$  „ \n\t \b\t  \t,   \t
\t. 8  \t\f  $ \t  \b
\b\t \n \b\f\r-\f\r\r\b\f\b \r\f\n \r\r  \b \n.
 /  \r\b\r \n\f\n\r \r\n \n \r \f\f \b\n 
\b\f\r\r!\r\r, \n\f \b \n \b\n \b\t \b. \r \n\r\r, 
\r\t  \b \n\r\r
\r\b\b #\f!\b\r\b \r\r"\r\n\t\b. $\r\r\t \n\f\n \r\n
 \r\n\r \r\t \b\n!\b\b   \r\f\n\b\r\b\b  \b \r\r  \r \b\b-
\n\t \f\n, \f\r\n\r \r"\r \n \b\n# \r\f\n\b\r\b. %
\r\n\f\b \n\r\b\n\t \r\n\b \r\f\r \b  \r \r" \n\n -
\r\f\r \n \b\r\r \b \r\b\b\t. &\r \r\f\n\b\r\b \n\n
\b\r\r\r \r\f\n\b\r\b\t ()$*+. 0\b\r \r #\f!\b\r \f\r\r-
\n, \b \f\r\n\r \r\n\t1\n\t \r" \n\r\n,  \r \b\n\b\t \b\f\r\f-
\n\r\b\f\b \r\n1\n\t \r\n\b \b\b, \r #\r \b \n\b\t \n\r\t\n\t
\r \r\r\b. 2\b  \n\f\b \f\r\r\n \b \r\n\b \f\b\n-
\b '/, \n\r \n \r\b 3 \n\t1\n\t  \b #\n\r \r
\r"  ,  \b13\b \b\b\b\r\r \f\r\n\f\n\b\r\r \r#\r\b\t \b -
 #\b, \r"3\b\b \b#\r!\b1 \r \n\r, \f\f \b\r\n \n\r\n \b\b
\b\r \f\r\r\n  \f\r\n\r\r \r\n\b \f\b\n. 4\r \n\f\b \b \r\n
$\r\t13 \r\b\n\r \r ' \b\r\n\r\t1\n\t \r  \r\n \r\r\b\b
5'6$. 4\f\r\n\r\r \b\r \b\f\r  \b\b   #\n\r \f\b\n \b-
1\n\t \r \b\r\t\r \n \r\r\b\b (0078, 97+. 9\n 5'6$ \b \b\f\r-
 \n\r\r\r\b\f\b \r \r1\n \t\r \b\f \n\r \b \r\b\b-
1\n    \n\b \r\n /. % \b\r\t\r \n \r\r\b \r\n
\r\f \r\n \f\r\n\r \b#\b  ,  \n\n\t \n\t  \b-
$\b \r\n   \r\r\b \n\r \n\b\t \n \r1 \b\n!\b1
  \f\r „ \b\b  \r\r \r\r\n\r\f\b :\f „ \b\n: \b
\f\r\r \r\r\n\r\f\b !\b\b\n\r (\b"\r+. \n\f\n\b\r\b \n\f\n \r\r\b\t
\r\r\t\n \b\r\n \b \b\b\t \n\b\r \r\r \r \r\b\r
\r1. \b \n \b\n\t  \r\n\b\t \r3 \r\n\r\f\b \r\r, -
\t\b\t \f\n \b \r"\b\t \r, \t  \n\r, \b \r\r\r \b -
\b\t,  \n \r\r"\n\t  \r \r\r\r \r  \b\b \r\r\b-
63\b \r\r !\b#\r\r  \r\n \b\f\b. 7\r\b\f\b \n \b \b, 
\n\f" \b \n. '\n\r \b \n \b\t  \b\r\n\b\t \f\r\r-
\n\r \b \b\r  \r\n \b\n, \r\r\t13\b \r\b\n \b \n -
\b\t\n \f\r \n\f. \b\f\r \b\t\n \f\r \n\f \b\t\b\b\b \t
\t\b\t  !\b\t  \b\f! \b"\t!, \t#\r \n#$\r#
\b\n  \t\t\b\r \b" \f\b\b\b \f\b\r". \b\f\r \b-
\b\t\n \f\r \b"\t  \b\f\r \b\b\r\b\f\r \r\f. %\t\b-
\t#\r \b"\t (&\b" \t\b \b\b\f! \r\t\n\t"). '\r\r"\f\r
!\r\f, \t\t\r\f  \b\b\n\n\r\f. \b\f\r \b\r\b\f, \b\b\r\b\f\r
\r\f, \b\b\b\n\n\r\f, . \r. \b\f\r \b\b \b", \b\r\r$-
\t#\r \r&\r\r \t\t$ \b\t\f \r\b\t  \n\n##\r \t\b-
\r"\r \b\n\r" \r\f  \r\b\t  ! \b\b\t#. \b \t\r\n
\b\r $\r# \b\b" \r! \t \b\n\r\r \f\b\b \r\t!$\r\b \b-
\b\t\r\f\r \r\t \b\t \b\b" \r!. \b\f\r  \n\b\f\r
\b\t\r\f\r \n\b$\r\r \b"\t (SPLD, CPLD). \b\t\r\f\r
\b\n \b\t\r\n \r\n \f\r \t\f (FPGA). *\r\f \t \t\n\n\r. +\b-
!\r\f, \b\t\r\f\r  $\t\r \b\b\r\n (\t\b\f\r \t$\f\r
\n$\f! \t\b \b\r\t). 0\b\f\r \r\r \b \f\t! \b\t \t\t\t\f.
1\f VHDL  VHDL-AMS. \r \t\b\t\b\t\b\b \b\r\b\t -
%\t\n#$\r\r. '\b\b\f" \b\b \b\b\f! \t\t\b \r\t\n\t \b\f! -
\b" \t \b\b\r \t\n$\f! \r \b\b\r\b" \t\f  \r\b\b \b\r-
 \n\b\b \t  \t\n\t, \b   \b\t  \n  \b! \b \n\t , 
 \b\t\b\t,  , \b  \b ,     \b  -
 , \b    \t    #\b \b\b  \b\b $  \t\b,   \f 
    \t\n\t\b \b  \t. . \b\b   \b!  $\t ,
  \n\b\t\b\b \b \b\t \b!%  \b\t  \n% \b\t\b\t \t-
\t   \b\b\t\b\t \b \n \b%     , \n\t   \f\r\b-
&#  \b#  \b\b \f\r\b\b \r\b\f,  \n\b \b  \t ,
\b\t \n \b\t  \b \f  \b \n     0  1. '\n
\b \f  %\t \b \n $  \t  \b\b\t \t\t  \r\b -
  \b\n.   \b  \b \b \n $  \t \b\t \t
 \t  \b   (. 1.1,
), \t. . \b \r \n \b\b -
 „ \b\b\n,  \n\b\t\b \t\t \b \b \b \b \f
( \n \b \f \b\b  \b\b * \b\n*),    \b 
F=X
�\b\t\b \n \b\f\b\r \t\f\b\r\t\t  \r\t\b \r\b\b
\b\t \n \f\t\r    \f \b  \f \b\t -
\r.  \b\t \b (\f \r , , !") #\f \b \f$#\f\b 
 \b \b\f\b$ \t, % &\t \b \b$ #$ \b#-
\f \b\f$ \b\t \b\b. '\r -!" (*\n\n)  -!"
(+\b) „ \b\f\f // \b, \b\t\t  \b\f \r, \t\t
, \t\b$ \f &\f. 0 &\t \f$ \r-
$ \f\b\b$  \b\f  #  2, . \t. \f\t \b\t \f$
�\b  \t\n \f\r\b   \n \r\b \n\t\t\r \r-
\f \r\t\r. \t\r\n\t, \b\n\t\r\b \t\f\t  \b  \b \t-
1 \r\n \b\b \b\t \f\f 3  4 \f \b$ # -
\b\b\f\f (\f$# \b \f-
   \b\f  \f\f$ \b\t  \f\t -
+#  \b\t \f\f \t %\t\b\t \b\f \b \b 
. !# \b\b$, \t\t  #  \f \f$\f$
. 5 \b  \b&\f$ \f  \r-
\f \t. 1 \f \t U
   %\f,  \b\b  \f$ \b\t \b&\f$, \f$
! \t \t\r\f    \f {0, 1},  \r \t\r \n\f
 \f. %\t \t \f\r \n\f, \b\r\n\t  \n\f\f 
#&\r\t \n$ \r\r \t\n\b\f\n\r \r\n\t\f. ' \r\n\t-
\n \n\b 
\t\n\t 0 ( 1  1 ( 0 \b \t \t  \n,  "\r
 \t \t\r {0, 1, )}, \t \b\r\n\f \t
 \b\n\r\b \n\f \r\t \t \n  #  \n-
 \t\n$\b\t. ' \r\t \n\t \t\t\t \f \t\n$\b
\n\r \b \r\n\f\f \t \t\r {0, 1, X, Z}. * -
 \t \t\r\t \n \t \t \r \n#$\t\r \f \t
�\b\t\n  \f\r� \b� \b   \b\n. � \b �\t
�\b\t\n \n\t \t\n \t\t \t\f � �\n  � \n\t\b
\t\n \n „   \f \n\n \b\n\t\t\n �-
\b\t\n \f\t \f \r  \r \f  \r\b\t\t \f\r \t\t-
\r \f   \t\b \f\f.  \t\t \t\t\f \f!\t\f   \r\b\t-
\t   \t \t\t \r\r\t \f  \t\t "#/#"# \f \r $
70ƒ80% &\t\n \r\b\t\f. '\f\t \t\t$!\t\f \t\t\r \f \r\r\t-
\f \f\r\r  \f\f\f  \f \r\r\t \t\b\t\f\t \b$ (\t \t\t\r
)\f. 1.2*. + \t\n\t !\r\t \r\b\t\r \f\f\r\t -
\n,  \r\r \b\t  \t !\t \n,  \t\r\r \r\b\t\r &\t-
 , \f 3 \f \b \r\t\f\n, \r\t\f \f\r\f,
\t\t\r, \t\f!\t \r\r \r\b\t\t, \f \r \f\f\f  \r\r \t\f
= const,
= f (C
 . .)
\t\t!\f\t\t 3\r  \f \f\t \t\f!\f \r\b\t\f. + !\r\f,
, \r\b\r  \f\t \b\t \f, \r-
\b\r$&\f\t \r\n \t\f\t\n, \t   \r \t\t$!\t\f\t \t\t\r, \b\r\t \t\f
9!\n \r!\t \t\t\b (\t \t\r (\t \t\r \t, 
\f\b\f \f\t\r  &\t\f, ! \f \t\f !\f\t\f\t \r-
\b\t\t \f\r . +  \t \t \r \f\r (\t\r \r\b\t\t  \t\b\f\r,
\t \f \t\f \r\f\f  \t\t \t  \b\t\n \f. 5-
\f\t \t(\f\r\f !\f\r$ \r!\t \f \t\t!\t\f\t \r\b\t\r&\f \t\t \t-
\f\n \t\b \f\r\r\f
);Timing is everything in SoC Design;, SoC „
�\b \t\n \b\f\r \n\b \f\f\b: \f  \r\b \b   \t\r\b-
\b  \b \t (\f\n , \b\n \t \t\n \f\b-
\b\b \r\b  !  \f,   \r!\b  \b.
" \t\b\r, \b \t\t\t\n \r\b\n, \t \n  #\r
\f \b\n\t\f \b \r\b\n  \t\n \b\f\r\n \r  #\r \b \t-
\b \t  (\b\f\r\f \t $%& \b\n Synopsis)  \f\r\b
\t \f\b\r, \b  \b,  ', /, 0, 1 „ \f\n -
\f\b,  \r \f\t\r\b  \f\b\b \r\b \b
 \b \b \t\r\f \r \n,  \r\b. 2 \n \f\b\f -
\b\t\b \b \r \f \t\n\b, \t  
\t\r\b\b \b\n  \t \f\b\r  \t\r\b \b \b \b \b \b-
3\n \r\b \f \b\f\b\t\n\b  \b\b  \r\n  \f\r \r
 \r\n \f \t, \f\r \r  \b \r, \t\b\b \t \f-
 \b\t\n \f\r\f \f\t\f\b \t \t \t\t \t\f\b \f\b \f\f\t\f
 \n \t\t \t \t \t\t  \f\r\t\t  \f\b.  \b
\b !\t \t\t \f\b \t\b\f \n   \t  \t \t \n
) \t    \t  \t "#\t \r \t \f    (0 \t 1)
 \b\f \t \b\f  .   \f \f   , \f \f-
"#\t  \r\f \b\f  \t, \f\f\b\b"#\t \f\r\t\f 1 \t \f\r\t\f
0, \f \f\t\t\n \r \f \r, . . \f  \t U
\f\t,   \t U
\b \t\n \f\r\b\f \t \b\b\t \b \b \t\n \f\r\b\f \n \b\b
(\t \t).  , \t \t \b\b \t \b \b\b\t \n  \b
\n \t  , \t\t\f \n\t \t\b \t U
\b   \b "!\b", \b  \b\b\b \b,  \b\n\b\t\b \n-
\n\t  $\t\b\b \n\b, \r\t\b \b, \n \b \n\t\f
.UUU
min.
min.
Š=
\n\t \n\r\b\b \n\b, \n \b \n\t\f \t\b\t\f
.UUU
max.
max.
Š=
 \n\b  \b \b \t\t\b\f  \n \b\b\f,   \r\b  \f
\t\t\f  \b\b \b \b \t\b\f „ \b  \b    \b-
 \f\f. %    \b  \t\n \f\r\b\f  \b\b\t-
 \t\n \f\r\b\f \b\b\t-\t  \t  \b\t\b   \b\b, \t 
 I
\n \b\f\b\b \b\b\t-\n \b\t, \r   \t \b\b \t-
 \b\t\n \f\f\r \t\b\n \n\n   \t\n \b   -
\b\b\n\n \b \t\n I
\b \t\n I
!\t\b\n 20 . \f\n \b\t\n "#$%
\t\n \b\t \b &\t. $ \t\t \n\b \t\n  \b \b\n\t
\n!\b\n !\n\b ( ' \b), \n\b \t\n \n\t \n\t \t -
\t !. * \n \n\t\n\t ! \n\t ! !&\b
+\t\n\t  /1\n  \b\t\n \n!\t \n\n\t  !\n  \n-
\b\n\n \n\t\n\b \n. +\t\n\t   \n\b \t  \b-
%\n\b !\n/  \b\t  \b \t&' \n\n (34, *-34, *\r*-
34) \n\b \b . 5.6. * \t! \n\t\t &\t !\n \t \b  -
\t\b \n \b. #\n\b\t\n \b\b \n\n\n \b\b \b \t&\t
. $\b\n  !\n\n\n  \n \b !\b-
&\t \b \n\n\n !! \b, \t. . (U
! \b\b \n\b\n\n \b!\b \n\t U
 \n\t\b\n.  !\n'\b \t\n !\n&\t
%\n\t \t\n\n \b\b  \t \t, \t\n !\n\n \t\b /!\n-
 \b\n !\n\t \b \t&' \b\t\n (*-34, *\r*-34) \n-
\b \b\t !&&\t !\n\t \n!\n\n\b \b! \b, \t \t\n 
� \b\t\n \f \r \n  \n ,  \t  \n \t \r -
        \t\n\b\t \n\t. \n  \n-

Приложенные файлы

  • pdf 87608163
    Размер файла: 5 MB Загрузок: 0

Добавить комментарий