обладать студент после изучения школьной учебной дисциплины «Обществознание» представляют собой знание основных начал, событий и фактов пра-воведения и государствоведения. Эссе ОК-1,2.


Чтобы посмотреть этот PDF файл с форматированием и разметкой, скачайте его и откройте на своем компьютере.
Kh^_j`Zgb_
P_ebbaZ^Zqb^bkpbiebgu
F_klh^bkpbiebgu\kljmdlmj_HHI
Lj_[h\Zgbydj_amevlZlZfhk\h_gby^bkpbiebgu
H[t_f^bkpbiebgub\b^umq_[ghcjZ[hlu
Kh^_j`Zgb_^bkpbiebgu
5.1.
Kh^_j`Zgb_jZa^_eh\bl_f^bkpbiebgu
5.2.
JZa^_eu fh^meb bf_`^bkpbiebgZjgu_k\yabk
h[_ki_qb\Z_fufb ihke_^mxsbfb
^bkpbiebg

5.3.
JZa^_eu fh^meb bl_fu^bkpbiebgb\b^uaZg

I_j_
q_gvijZdlbq_kdboaZgylbc

Ijbf_jgZyl_fZlbdZdmjkh\uoijh_dlh\ jZ[hl  ijbgZebqbb
f_lh^bq_kdh_bbgnhjfZpbhggh_h[_ki_q_gb_
bkpbie

n_^_jZevgu_aZdhgu

hkgh\gZy
ebl_jZlmjZ

^hihegbl_evgZyebl_jZlmjZ

] [Zau^Zgguo
bgnhjfZpbhgg
kijZ\hqgu_
ihbkdh\u_
kbkl

FZl_jbZevgh
l_ogbq_kdh_h[_ki_q_gb_^bkpbie

H[jZah\Zl_evgu_l_oghe
]bb

Hp_ghqgu_kj_^kl\Z HK

P_ebbaZ^Zqb^bkpbiebgu
P_ev^bkpbiebguIjZ\h\_^_gb_
^ZlvihgbfZgb_hkgh\guo
l_hj_lbq_kdboihe
`_gbckh\j_f_gghcl_hjbbijZ\Zb]hkm^Zjkl\Z\
lhfqbke_nhjfbjh\Zgb_mklm^_glh\
\ukhdh]hmjh\gyijhn_kkb
gZevgh]hijZ\hkhagZgbymf_gbyijbf_gylvl_hj_lbq_kdb_iheh`
gbydZgZebamkh\j_f_gguo]hkm^Zjkl\_ggh
ijZ\h\uoijhp_kkh\i
gylbcgh]hZiiZjZlZ^eyihke_^mxs_]hhk\h_gbyjy^ZqZklguohljZ
e_\uo^bkpbiebgbm]em[e_gbyl_hj_lbq_kdboi
hagZgbchijZ\_g
\udh\jZ[hlukmq_[ghcbgZmqghcebl_jZlmjhcjZa\blb_mf_gbcb
gZ\udh\hjb_glbjh\Zgby\keh`ghckbkl_f_^_ckl\mxs_]haZdhgh^
l_evkl\Zkihkh[ghklbkZfhklhyl_evgh]hih^[hjZghjfZlb\guoij
\h\uoZdlh\ddhgdj_lghcijZdlbq_kdhckblmZpbbk
ihkh[kl\h\Zgb_
hkfuke_gbxijZ\ZdZdh^gh]hba\Z`g_crbokhpbZevguoj_]meyl
jh\h
s_kl\_gguohlghr_gbc
AZ^ZqZfb^bkpbiebguy\eyxlky
\ujZ[hld
mf_gbyhjb_glbjh\Zlvky\kh^_j`Zgbb^_ckl\m
sboaZdhgh\
\hkiblZgb
ijZ\h\hc]jZfhlghklbbijZ\h\hcdmevlmju
ijb\blb
gZ\udh\ijZ\h\h]hih\_^_gbyg_h[oh^bfuo^ey
wnn_dlb\gh]h\uiheg_gbyhkgh\guokhpbZevgh
ijZ\h\uojhe_c\
h[s_kl\_ ]jZ`^ZgbgZba[bjZl_eykh[kl\_ggbdZihlj_[bl_eyj
[hlgbdZ 
2.
F_klh^bkpbiebgu\kljmdlmj_HHI
�bkpbiebgZIjZ\h\_^_gb_
hlghkblkyd[Zah\hcqZklb]mf
gblZjgh]hkhpbZevgh]hbwdhghfbq
kdh]hpbdeZ
�eybamq_gby^bkpbiebgug_h[oh^bfhh[eZ^ZlvagZgbyfbi
emq_ggufbijbbamq_gbb^b
pbiebg]mfZgblZjgh]hkhpbZevgh]hb
wdhghfbq_kdh]hpbdeZNbehkhnby [Zah\ZyqZklv Bklhj
by [
ah\ZyqZklv 
Bamq_gb_mq_[ghc^bkpbiebguIjZ\h\_^_gb_hkms
kl\ey_lkyihke_bamq_gby^bkpbiebguNbehkhnbybijba\ZgZa
dj_iblvmklm^_glZm`_ihemq_ggu_gZ\udbeh]bq_kdh]hfure
gby
mf_gby\uy\eylvaZdhghf_jghklbbhkh[_gghklb]hkm^Zjkl\_
\h\h]hijhp_kkZijbqbggh
ke_^kl\_ggu_k\yabaZdeZ^u\Z_lh
gh\ufbj
\haaj_gbynhjfbjm_lijhn_kkbhgZevgh_ijZ\hkhagZgb_b
]jZ`^Z
kdmxihabpbx
;Zah\u_\oh^gu_agZgbydhlhjufb^he`_gh[eZ^Zlvklm^_gl
ihke_bamq_gbyrdhe
ghcmq_[ghc^bkpbiebguH[s_kl\ha
gZgb_
ij_^klZ\eyxlkh[hcagZgb_hkgh\guogZqZekh[ulbcbnZdlh\ij
\h\_^_gbyb]hkm^Zjkl\h\_^_gbyWlb\oh^gu_agZgbyy\eyxlky[Zahc
^ey^Zevg_cr_]hm]em[e_ggh]hbamq_gbyijZ\ZihgbfZgbyaZdhg
f_jghkl_cbijbqbggh
ke_^kl\_gguok\ya_c\ujZ[hldbmf_gbyZ
ebabjh\ZlvnZdlubijh]ghabjh\Zlvihke_^mxs__jZa\blb_hl_q_k
\_ggh]haZdhgh^Zl_evkl\Z
Lj_[h\Zgbydj_amevlZlZfhk\h_gby^bkpbiebgu
Ijhp_kkbamq_gby^bkpbiebgugZijZ\e_ggZnhjfbjh\Zgb_ke
^mxsbodhfi_l_gpbc
\eZ^_gb_fdmevlmjhcfure_gbykihkh[ghkl
vxd\hkijbylbx
bgnhjf
pbbh[h[s_gbxZgZebamihklZgh\d_p_ebb\u[hjmiml_c
_z^hklb`_gby HD
1);
mf_gb_feh]bq_kdb\_jghZj]mf_glbjh\Zgghbykghkljhblv
mklgmxbibkvf_ggmxj_qv HD
2);
kihkh[ghklvxihgbfZlvkmsghklvbagZq_gb_bgnhjfZpbb\
jZa\blbbk
h\j_f_ggh]hbgnhjfZpbhggh]hh[s_kl\ZhkhagZ\Zlv
hiZkghklbbm]jhau\hagbdZxsb_\wlhfijhp_kk_kh[ex^Zlvhkgh
gu_lj_[h\ZgbybgnhjfZpbhgghc[_ahiZkghklb\lhfqbke_aZsblu
]hkm^Zjkl\_gghclZcgu HD
5);
kihkh[ghklvxjZ[hlZlvkbgnhjfZpb_c\]eh[Zevguod
hfiv
lyo HD
j_amevlZl_bamq_gby^bkpb
ebguklm^_gl^he`_g
agZlv
hkgh\uijZ\h\_^_gby
hkgh\gu_ghjfZlb\gu_ij
\h\u_^hdmf_glu
aZdhghf_jghklbnmgdpbhgbjh\Zgby]hkm^Zjkl\ZbijZ\ZdZdk
pbZevgh
wdhghfbq_kdh]hy\e_gbybhkhagZ\Zlvbo
ijhy\e_gby\jZ
\blbbhl_q_kl\_gguoiheblbq
kdhcbijZ\h\hckbkl_fZo
mf_lv
bkihevah\ZlvijZ\h\u_ghjfu
\ijhn_kkbhgZevghc
bh[s_k
\_gghc^_yl_evghklb
L_fZ
Ij_^f_lbf
lh^^bkpbie
guIjZ\h\
^_gb_
Ij_^f_lijZ\h\_^_gbydZdgZmdbbmq_[ghc
^bkpbiebguF_lh^uijZ\h\_^_gby_]hf_klh
bjhev\kbkl_f_]mfZgblZjguobxjb^bq_kdbo
gZmdKljmdlmjZbaZ^Zqbdmj
kZIjZ\h\_^
gb_f_`ij_^f_lgu_k\yabkijZ\h\ufbgZ
L_fZ
Ihgylb_bkm
ghklv]hkm^Z
Ihgylb_]hkm^Zjkl\Zb_]hhlebqbl_evgu_ij
agZdb
Hkgh\gu_l_hjbbijhbkoh`^_gby]hk
^Zjkl\ZKmsghklv]hkm^Zjkl\ZIjbqbgub
nhjfu\hagbdgh\_gby]hkm^Zj
kl\ZF_klhb
jhev]hkm^Zjkl\Z\iheblbq_kdhckbkl_f_h
s_kl\Z
NhjfZ]hkm^Zjkl\Zb__hkgh\gu_we
f_gluIjh[e_funhjfukh\j_f_ggh]hJh
kbckdh]h]hkm^Zjkl\Z
IjZ\h\h_
]hkm^Zjkl\h
L_fZ
Ihgylb_bb
lhqgbdbijZ\Z
Hij_^_e_gb_ijZ\Z_]hhkgh\gu_ijbag
Zdb
Khhlghr_gb_ijZ\Z\h[t_dlb\ghfbkm[t_
lb\ghfkfuke_GhjfZijZ\Zb__kljmdlmjZ
NhjfZijZ\ZBklhqgbdijZ\Zb_]hhkgh\gu_
jZagh\b^ghklbGhjfZlb\gh
ijZ\h\hcZdl
IjZ\h\hch[uqZcKm^_[gucij_p_^_glF_
^mgZjh^guc^h]h\hjb_]hagZq_gb_^eyijZ\
]hj_]mebjh\ZgbyKbkl_fZijZ\ZbijZ\h\Zy
kbkl_fZbokhhlghr_gb_
L_fZ
AZdhgghklv
ijZ\hihjy^hd
^bkpbiebgZ
Ihgylb_
bijbagZdbaZdhgghklb=ZjZglbba
dhgghklbbbohkgh\gu_\b^uIjZ\hihjy^hd
dZdhkh[ZyjZagh\b^ghklvh[s_kl\_ggh]hi
jy^dZ�bkpb
iebgZhij_^_e_gb_ijbagZdb
Khhlghr_gb_ihgylbcaZdhgghklvijZ\
ihjy^hdb^bkpbiebgZbojhev\`bagbk
\j_f_ggh]hh[s_kl\Z
L_fZ
IjZ\hkhagZgb_
bijZ\h\Zy
dmevlmjZ
Ihgylb_ijZ\hkhagZgby_]hhkgh\gu_ijbag
dbKljmdlmjZijZ\hkhagZgbyHkgh
\gu_^
nhjfZpbbijZ\hkhagZgbyIjZ\h\hcbgnZgl
ebafIjZ\h\hcb^_Zebafb_]hbklhqgbdb
IjZ\h\hcgb]bebafijbqbgubimlbboij
h^he_gbyIjZ\h\hcpbgbaf
IjZ\h\ZydmevlmjZb__agZq_gb_\kh\j_f_
ghfh[s_kl\_IjZ\h\h_ih\_^_gb_ihgylb_b
\b^uImlbih\u
r_gbyijZ\h\hcdmevlmju\
kh\j_f_gghcJhkkbb
L_fZ
IjZ\hf_jgh_
ih\_^_gb_
Xjb^bq_kdZy
hl\_lkl\_
ghklv
Ihgylb_ijZ\hf_jgh]hih\_^_gby_]hhkgh
gu_ijbagZdbJZagh\b^ghklbijZ\hf_jgh]h
ih\_^_gbyIjZ\hgZjmr_gb_bij_klmie_gb_
hij_^_e_gb_djbl_jb
bbkihkh[ujZa]jZgbq
gbyXjb^bq_kdZyhl\_lkl\_gghklvihgylb_
ijbagZdb\b^uHkgh\Zgbyhk\h[h`^_gbyhl
xjb^bq_kdhchl\_lkl\_gghklbHk\h[h`^_gb_
hlgZdZaZgbyIhablb\gZyxjb^bq_kdZyhl\_
b__jhev\ijZ\h\hf]hkm^Zjkl\_
L_fZ
Dhgklbl
mpbh
gh_ijZ\h
Ihgylb_hkgh\ijZ\h\h]hklZlmkZq_eh\_dZb
]jZ`^ZgbgZb_]hijbgpbiu=jZ`^Zgkl\h
Kbkl_fZhkgh\guoijZ\k\
[h^bh[yaZgghkl_c
q_eh\_dZb]jZ`^ZgbgZF_`^mgZjh^gu_klZ
^ZjluijZ\bk\h[h^q_eh\_dZ=ZjZglbbj_Ze
aZpbbijZ\h\h]hklZlmkZq_e
h\_dZb]jZ`^Zg
Ihgylb_bijbgpbiun_^_jZlb\gh]hmk
jhckl\ZJhkkbbHkgh\udhgklblmpbhggh]h
klZlmkZJhkkbbb__km[t_dlh\Dhfi_l_gpby
JhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbJZa]jZgbq_gb_ij_
f_lh\\_^_gbybiheghfhqbcf_`^mN_^_jZp
_cb__km[t_dlZfbHkgh\udhgklblmp
bhggh]h
klZlmkZIj_ab^_glZJN_]hiheh`_gb_\kb
l_f_hj]Zgh\]hkm^Zjkl\ZIhjy^hd\u[hjh\b
ij_djZs_gbyiheghfhqbcIj_ab^_glZJN
Dhfi_l_gpbyIj_ab^_glZJNHkgh\udhgkl
lmpbhggh]hkl
lmkZN_^_jZevgh]hKh[jZgby
_]hf_klh\kbkl_f_hj]Zgh\]hkm^Zjkl\ZI
luN_^_jZevgh]hKh[jZgbykhklZ\ihjy^hd
nhjfbjh\Zgby\gmlj_ggyyhj]ZgbaZpbyDh
i_l_gpbyN_^
jZevgh]hKh[jZgbyb_]hiZeZl
Ihjy^hd^_yl_evghklbN_^_jZevgh]hKh[j
gbyAZdhgh^Zl_evgucijhp_kkIhgylb_bh
gh\gu_ijbagZdbkm^_[ghc\eZklbDhgklbl
gu_ijbgp
iuhkms_kl\e_gbykm^_[ghc
\eZklbKm^_[gZykbkl_fZ_zkljmdlmjZDh
klblmpbhggucKm^JN_joh\gucKm^JNb
h[sb_km^u\h_ggu_km^uukrbc:j[b
jZ`gucKm^JNbbgu_Zj[bljZ`gu_km^u
Hj]ZgbaZpbhggh_h[_ki_q_gb_^_
l_evghklb
km^h\bhj]Zguxklb
pbbHj]Zguhkh[hcdh
pbbihgylb_b\b^u
L_fZ
=jZ`^Zgkdh_
ijZ\hJN
Ihgylb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\hbkbkl_fZ]jZ`^Z
kdh]hijZ\Z=jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\hhlghr_gb_
Km[t_dlu]jZ`^Zgkdh]hijZ\ZH[t_dlu]jZ
^Zgkdh]hijZ\ZK^_edbIj_^klZ\bl_evkl\h
Bkdh\
Zy^Z\ghklvIhgylb_bnhjfuijZ\Z
kh[kl\_gghklbIjZ\hbgl_ee_dlmZevghckh[k
\_gghklbIhgylb_bbkiheg_gb_h[ya
l_evkl\
Hl\_lkl\_gghklvaZgZjmr_gb_h[ya
l_evkl\
�h]h\hjgu_h[yaZl_evkl\ZH[yaZl_evkl\Z\h
gbdZxsb_baijbqbg_gby\j_^Zbg_hkgh\
l_evgh]
hh[h]Zs_gbyGZke_^kl\_ggh_ijZ\h
:\lhjkdh_ijZ\h
IZl_glgh_
ijZ\h
L_fZ
K_f_cgh_ijZ\h
Ihgylb_bijbgpbiuk_f_cgh]hijZ\ZK_f_
gucdh^_dkJNIhgylb_[jZdZbk_fvbJ_]
kljZpby[jZdZbmkeh\by_]haZdexq_gbyH
ghr_gbyjh^bl_e_cb^_l_ceb
qgu_bbfms
kl\_ggu_hlghr_gbykmijm]h\ijZ\Zj_[_gdZ
Dhg\_gpbyhijZ\Zoj_[_gdZ
Hi_dZihi_q
l_evkl\hijb_fgZyk_fvy
L_fZ
^h\h_ijZ\h
Ihgylb_ljm^h\h]hijZ\ZDhee_dlb\guc^h]
\hjbkh]eZr_gbyH[_ki_q_gb_aZgylhklbb
ljm^hmkljhckl\h
Ljm^h\hc^h]h\hj dh
ljZdl ihgylb_klhjhgubkh^_j`Zgb_Hkg
\Zgb_bihjy^hdaZdexq_gbybaf_g_gbybij
djZs_gbyljm^h\h]h^h]h\hjZ dhgljZdlZ I
gylb_b\b^ujZ[hq_]h\j_f_gb\j_f_gbhl^
oZ
AZjZ[hlgZyieZlZb__\b^u
�bkpbiebgZ
ljm^ZFZl_jbZevgZ
yhl\_lkl\_gghklvHkh[_
ghklbj_]mebjh\Zgbyljm^Z`_gsbgbfheh^
`bLjm^h\u_kihjuF_oZgbafuj_ZebaZpbbb
aZsblu
^h\uoijZ\]jZ`^Zg
L_fZ
Jhkkbckdh_
wdhe
]bq_kdh_
ijZ\h
Wdheh]byWdheh]bq_kdb_kbkl_fudZdh[t_dl
ijZ\h\h]hj_]mebjh\ZgbyBk
lhqgbdbwdheh]
q_kdh]hijZ\ZKh^_j`Zgb_wdheh]bq_kdh]h
ijZ\ZIjbgpbiubh[t_dluhojZguhdjm`Z
s_ckj_^uHl\_lkl\_gghklvaZwdheh]bq_kdb_
ijZ\hgZjmr_gbyIhgylb_ijbgpbiub\b^u
\haf_s_gby\j_^Zijbqbg_ggh]hwdheh]bq
kdbfijZ\hgZjmr_gb_fIhjy^hd_]h\
haf_s
gby
L_fZ
Hkgh\uZ^f
gbkljZlb\gh]h
ijZ\Z
Ihgylb_bkbkl_fZZ^fbgbkljZlb\gh]hijZ\Z
Kbkl_fZhj]Zgh\bkihegbl_evghc\eZklbH
gh\gu_ijbgpbiu]hkm^Zjkl\_ggh]hmijZ\e
gbyIhgylb_Z^fbgbkljZlb\gh]hijhklmidZ
gbkljZlb\gh_ijbgm`^_gb_H
kgh\Zgbyb
ihjy^hdijb\e_q_gbydZ^fbgbkljZlb\ghch
\_lkl\_gghklbb^uZ^fbgbkljZlb\ghchl\_
kl\_gghklb
5.2
Za^_eu^bkpbiebgubf_`^bkpbiebgZjgu_k\yabk
h[_ki_qb\Z_fufb ihke_^mxsbfb ^bkpbiebgZfb
GZbf_gh\Zgb_h[_
i_qb\Z_fuo ihke
^mxsbo 
^bkpbiebg
jZa^_eh\bl_f^Zgghc^bkpbie
gug_h[oh^bfuo^eybamq_gbyh[_ki
qb\Z_fuo
ihke_^mxsbo ^bkpbiebg
\ibku\ZxlkyjZajZ[hlqbdhf
IjZ\h
h_j_]mebj
\Zgb_dhff_jq_kdhc
^_yl_evg
AZsblZihlj_[bl_e_c
hlnZevkbnbpbjh\Z
ghcdhgljZnZdlghc
ijh^mdp
JZa^_eubl_fu
^bkpbiebgb\b^uaZgylbc
GZa\Zgb_l_fu
k_]h
qZkh\
qZk
IjZdl
aZgylby
KZfhkl
jZ[hlZ
L_fZ
Ij_^f_lbf_lh^^bkpb
ebguIjZ\h\
^_gb_
L_fZ
Ihgylb_bkmsghklv]hk
L_fZ
Ihgylb
_bbklhqgbdbij
L_fZ
AZdhgghklvijZ\hihj
^hd^bkp
iebgZ
L_fZ
IjZ\hkhagZgb_bijZ\h\Zy
lmjZ
L_fZ
IjZ\hf_jgh_ih\_^_gb_
Xjb^bq_kdZyhl\_lkl\_
ghklv
L_fZ
Dhgklblmpbh
gh_ijZ\h
_fZ
=jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\hJN
L_fZ
K_f_cgh_ijZ\hJN
L_fZLj
^h\h_ijZ\hJN
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlfZy
]
NAH]jZ`^Zgk
\_Jhkkb
kdhcN_^_jZpbbKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhc
N_^_jZpbbhlb
gy]kl
MdZaIj_ab^_glZJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbhlfZjlZ]H
kbkl_f
_bkljmdlmj_n_^_jZevguohj]Zgh\bkihegbl_evghc\eZklb
JhkkbckdZy]Za_lZhlfZjlZ
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlhdly[jy]
NAH[h
sboijb
pbiZohj]ZgbaZpbbaZdhgh^Zl_evguo ij_^klZ\bl_evguo b
bkihegbl_evguohj]Zgh\]hkm^Zjkl\_gghc\
eZklbkm[t_dlh\Jhkkb
kdhcN_^_jZpbbKh[jZgb_aZdhg
^Zl_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb
hlhdly[jy]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlbxey]
NAHijZ\
\hfiheh`_gbbbghkljZgguo]jZ`^Zg\JhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbK
[jZgb_aZdhgh
^Zl_evkl\ZJh
kbckdhcN_^_jZpbbhlbxey]
kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlhdly[jy]
NAH[h
sboijbgpbiZohj]ZgbaZpbbf_k
gh]hkZfhmijZ\e_gby\Jhkkbckdhc
N_^_jZpbbKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^
l_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbhl
ly[jy]kl
N_^_jZevgucDhgklblmpbhggucAZdhgJNhlbxey]
HDhgklblmpbhgghfKm^_JNKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJN
kl
N_^_jZevgucDhgklblmpbhggucAZdhghlZij_ey]
H[Zj[bljZ`guokm^Zo\Jhkkbc
kdhcN_^_jZpbbKh[jZgb_aZdhg
^Zl_evkl\ZJNkl
N_^_jZevgucDhgklblmpbhggucAZdhghl^_dZ[jy]
Hkm^_
ghckbkl_f_JhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbJhkkbckdZy]Za_lZhl
yg\Zjy
N_^_jZevgucAZdhghlfZy]Hijhba
\h^kl\_gguo
dhhi_jZl
\ZoJhkkbckdZy]Za_lZhlfZy]
N_^_jZevgucAZdhghlyg\Zjy]Hg_dhff_jq_kdbo
hj]Zg
aZpbyoKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJNkl
N_^_jZevgucAZdhghl^_dZ[jy]H[Zdpbhg_jguo
h[s_kl\
ZoK
[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJNkl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghln_\jZey]H[h[s_kl\Zokh
jZgbq_gghchl\_lkl\_gghklvxKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJN
]klkl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlbxey]H[h
kh[_gghklyo
ijZ\h\h]hiheh`_gbyZdpbhg_jguojZ[hlgbdh\ gZjh^guoij_^ij
ylbc Kh[jZgb_aZdhgh^
l_evkl\ZJNkl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlfZy]H[h[s_kl\_gguoh[
yoKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJN]kl
]kl]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhgJNhlbxey]H]hkm^Zjkl\_
ghcj_]bkljZpbbijZ\gZg_^\b`bfh_bfms_kl\hbk^_ehdkgbf
Kh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJN]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlbxey
]
NAHihlj_[
l_evkdhcdhhi_jZpbb\JhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^
l_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN
^_jZpbbhlyg\Zjy]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlZ\]mklZ]
NAH]hk
^Zjkl\_gghcj_]bkljZpbbxjb^bq_kdboebpbbg
^b\b^mZevguoij_
ijbgbfZl_e_cKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_e
kl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb
hlZ\]mklZ] QZklv, klKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^
l_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbhlZ\]
klZ] QZklv, 
kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlghy
[jy]
NAH]hk
^Zjkl\_
guobfmgbpbiZevguomgblZjguoij_^ijbylbyoKh[jZgb_
aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJh
kbckdhcN_^_jZpbbhl^_dZ[jy]
kl
N_^_jZevgucAZdhghlyg\Zjy]Hg_dhff_jq_kdbo
hj]Zg
aZpbyoKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Z
l_evkl\ZJNkl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghl^_dZ[jy]Hijb\ZlbaZpbb
]hkm^Zjkl\_ggh]hbfmgbpbiZevgh]hbfms_kl\Z\JNKh[jZgb_
aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJN]kl
AZdhgJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbHaZgylhklbgZk_e_gby\Jh
kbckdhcN_^_jZpbbKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^
jZpbbhlZij_ey]kl
N_^_jZevgucAZdhghlyg\ZjyHijhn_kkbhgZevguo
khxaZoboijZ\Zob]ZjZglbyo^_yl_evghklbKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^
l_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN
^_jZpb
bhlyg\Zjy]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlbxey]
NAH[h[ya
l_evghfkhpbZevghfkljZoh\Zgbbhlg_kqZklguokemqZ_\gZijhb
\h^kl\_bijhn_kkbhgZevguoaZ[he_\ZgbcKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_e
kl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbbhlZ
]mkl
Z]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlyg\Zjy]
NAH[hojZg_
hdjm`Zxs_ckj_^uKh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^
jZpbbhly
\Zjy]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlhdly[jy]
NAHg_k
_evghklb [Zgdjhlkl\_ Kh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJhkkb
kdhcN_^_jZpbbhlh
ly[jy]kl
N_^_jZevgucaZdhghlbxey]
NAHP_
ljZevghf[Zgd_JhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb ;Zgd_Jhkkbb Kh[jZgb_a
dhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJhkkbckdhcN_^
jZpbbhlbxey]kl
2790.
[ hkgh\gZyebl_jZlmjZ
FZjo]_cfFKfhe_gkdbcF;Lhgdh\??IjZ\h\_^
gb_
_ba^
F
IjZ\h\_^_gb_mq_[gbd^eyMAh\ih^j_^^xgij
n_kkhjZ:FZevdh
F
IjZ\h\_^_gb_mq_[g
bd^eyMAh\Hl\_lkl\_ggucj_^Z
lhj^xgijhn;BIm]bgkdbc
F
IjZ\h\_^_gb_we_dljhggucmq_[gucdmjk
F
WDA:F?G
RdZlmeeZBRdZlmeeZKulbgkdZyFIjZ\h\
^_gb_mq_[gbd^eyg_xjb^bq_kdboMAh\
F
Ydh\e_\:
BHkgh\uijZ\h\_^_gbymq_[gbd
F
\ ^hihegbl_evgZyebl_jZlmjZ
;ZclbgFBKmsghklvijZ\Zkh\j_f_ggh_ghjfZlb\gh_
ijZ\hi
gbfZgb_gZ]jZgb^\mo\_dh\
KZjZlh\
;jbgqmdFFWdheh]bq_kdh_ijZ\hmq_[gbd
F
=jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\hq
qi
h^j_^:IK_j]__\Zb^j
F
Ajyqdbg:GIjZ\h\hcgb]bebafijbqbgubimlbbo
h^he_gby
jZlh\K=:I
@mjgZeIjZ\h\ZyiheblbdZbijZ\h\Zy`bagv
@mjgZe=hkm^Zjkl\hbijZ\h
NbgZgkh\h_ijZ\hJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb
mq_[g
i
h^
j_^
FDZjZkz\hcF
] [Zau^ZgguobgnhjfZpbhggh
kijZ\hqgu_bihbkdh\u_kb
l_fu
=:J:GL
DHGKMEVL:GL
DH�?DK
FZl_jbZevgh
l_ogbq_kdh_h[_ki_q_gb_^bkpbiebgu
E_dpbhggu_Z
m^blhjb
kfmevlbf_^b
cgufh[hjm^h\Zgby
be
dhfivxl_jgucdeZkk ^eyijh\_^_gbyij_a_glZpbcb^_fhgkljZpbb
^jm]bofZl_jbZeh\aZgylbc
Dhfivxl_jgucdeZkk^eyijh\_^_gbyijZdlbq_kdboaZgylbc
EhdZevgZy\uqbkebl_evgZyk_lvbgklblmlZ^hklmi
Bgl_jg_l
H[jZah\Zl_evgu_l_ogheh]bb
Kp_evxnhjfbjh
\ZgbybjZa\blbyijhn_kkbhgZevguo
gZ\udh\
klm^_glh\\mq_[ghf
ijhp_kk_bkihevamxlkyZdlb\gu_bbgl_jZdlb
gu_nhjfuijh\_^_gbyaZgylbc\
khq_lZgbbk\g_Zm^blhjghcjZ[
E_dpbhggu_aZgylbykhijh\h`^Zxlkyij_a_glZpbyfbbijh\
^ylky\fmevlbf_^bcghcZm^blh
jbbkbkihevah\Zgb_fdhfivxl_jgh]h
ijh_dlhjZ
Ijbijh\_^_gbbijZdlbq_kdboaZgylbcih^bkpbiebg_
IjZ\h\
fh]mlbkihevah\Zlvkyke_^mxsb_bggh\Zpbhggh
i_^Z]h]bq_kdb_l_
gheh]bbbbggh\Zpbhggu_f_lh^u\h[jZah\Zgbb
bkihevah\Zgb_dhfivxl_jghc\bamZebaZ
pbbmq_[ghcbgnhjf
pbb\jZaebqguonhjfZo
bkihevah\Zgb_dhfivxl_jguoh[mqZxsboijh]jZff ih\k_fl
fZfdmjkZ\qZkukZfhklhyl_evghcjZ[hlu 
bkke_^h\Zl_evkdbcf_lh^h[mq_gbygZhkgh\_ihagZ\Zl_evghc
^_yl_evghklbklm^_glh\iml_fihklZgh\dbij_ih^Z\Zl_e_fi
lbq_kdboaZ^Zq ihl_f_ 
Hp_ghqgu_kj_^kl\Z HK 
Hp_ghqgu_kj_^kl\Z^ey\oh^gh]hdhgljhey
oh^ghcdhgljhevagZgbcbmf_gbcklm^_glh\ijh\h^blky\g
qZe_bamq_gby^bkpbiebgu\\b^_kh[_k_^h\Zgbybebl_klbjh\
gby
Hp_ghqgu_kj_^kl\Zl
dms_]hdhgljhey
L_dmsbcdhgljhev
lh_klvj_]meyjgh_hlke_`b\Zgb_mjh\gym
\h_gbyfZl_jbZeZgZe_dpbyobijZdlbq_kdboaZgylbyo
fh`_l[ulv
hj]Zgbah\Zg\nhjf_mklgh]hhijhkZ ]jmiih\h]hbebbg^b\b^mZe
gh]h
eb[h
l_klbjh\Zgby ibkvf_ggh]hbebdhfivxl_jgh]
h 
Dhgljhevgu_\hijhkubaZ^Zgby^eyijh\_^_gbyl_dms_]hdh
ljhey\u[bjZxlkybakh^_j`Zgbyl_f^bkpbiebgu
uiheg_gb_^hfZrgboaZ^Zgbch[_ki_qb\Z_lg_ij_ju\gucdh
ljhevaZijhp_kkhfhk\h_gbymq_[gh]hfZl_jbZeZdZ`^ufklm^_glhf
k\h_\j_f_ggh_\uy\e_gb_bm
kljZg_gb_hlklZ\Zgbcbhrb[hd
j_amevlZl_l_dms_]hdhgljheyklm^_gli_j_^ijhf_`mlhqghc
Zll_klZpb_cihemqZ_l
hp_ghdihijZdlbq_kdhcqZklbmq_[ghc
^bkpbiebgu
Ijbf_jguci_j_q_gvaZ^Zgbc^eyl_dms_]hdhgljhey
L_klh\u_aZ^Zgby
DZdZyl_hjbyijhbk
oh`^_gby]hkm^Zjkl\Zk\yaZgZkjZ
jZkl
gb_fk_fvb"
 fZjdkbklkdZy
 ^h]h\hjgZy
 iZljbZjoZevgZy
=eZ\gucijbagZd]hkm^Zjkl\Z
wlh
 gZebqb_jmdh\h^ysboebp
 gZ^_e_gb_]hkm^Zjkl\_ggh
\eZklgufbiheghfhqbyfb
 gZebqb_bkihegbl_e_c
QlhbamdZaZggh]hg_y\ey_lkywe_f_glhfihgylb_nh
fu
]hkm^Zjkl\Z"
 iheblbq_kdbcj_`bf
 nhjfZijZ\e_gby
 iheblbq_kdZyiZjlby
aZ\bkbfhklbhl\aZbfhhlghr_gbc\ukrbohj]Zgh\]
km^Zjkl\Zj_kim[ebdb[
\Zxl
 mgblZjgu_
 iZjeZf_
glkdb_
 n_^_jZlb\gu_
 fblbg]b
 ^_fhgkljZpbx
IjZ\hk
ihkh[ghklv\hlebqb_hl^__kihkh[gh
klb
 \hagbdZ_lkhij_^_e_ggh]h\hajZklZ
 k\yaZgZkhkihkh[ghklvxebqghklbbf_lvijZ\Zbh[yaZgg
 fh`_l[ulvh]jZgbq_gZ
Fh`_leb[ulvh]jZgbq_gZ^__kihkh[ghklv]jZ`^Zg"
 g_fh`_lgbdh]^Z
 fh`_l
[ulvh]jZgbq_gZkkh]eZkbykZfh]h]jZ`^ZgbgZ
 fh`_l[ulvh]jZgbq_gZ\km^_[ghfih
jy^d_
Kh[kl\_ggbdhfy\ey_lky
 n_jf_jkh[jZ\rbcmjh`ZckijbgZ^e_
`Zs_]h_fmmqZkldZ
 Zj_g^Zlhj\eZ^_xsbc^hfhfih^h]h\hjmZj_g^u
 ]jZ`^Zgbg\ay\rbcg
ZijhdZll_e_\bahj
Bfms_kl\_ggu_bg_bfms_kl\_ggu_hlgh
r_gbyf_`^m
kmijm]Zfbjh^bl_eyfbb^_lvfbj_]mebjm_l
 ]jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\h
 ljm^h\h_ijZ\h
 k_f_cgh_ijZ\h
;jZqgZyijZ\hkihkh[ghklvihh[s_fmijZ
\bemgZkl
iZ_l
 e_l
2)
e_l
 e_l
b^^bkpbiebgZjgh]h\aukdZgbyijbf_
gy_fuc
Z^fbg
kljZpb_cij_^ijbylbydjZ
[hlgbdmgZjmrb\r_fm
ljm^h\mx^bkpb
ebgm
 ebr_gb_ij_fbb
 \u]h\hjkaZf_qZgb_f\ljm^h\mxdgb`
 kljh]bc\u]h\hj
Ljm^h\u_^h]h\hjug_aZ
dexqZxlkygZ
 g_hij_^_e_gguckjhd
 hij_^_ey_fuckjhdg_[he__lj_oe_l
 \j_fy\uiheg_gbyk_ahgghcjZ[hlu
11.3.
Ijbf_jgu_\hijhku^ey
ijhf_`mlhqg
hcZll_klZpbb
Ij_^f_lf_lh^p_ebaZ^ZqbbkljmdlmjZdmjkZIjZ\h\
^_gb_
=hkm^Zjkl\hbijZ\h
dZdh[t_dlbamq_gbyxjb^bq_kdbog
mdKhh
ghr_gb_b\aZbfhk\yav]hkm^Zjkl\ZbijZ\Z
eZklvihgylb_ijbagZdbdeZkkbnbdZpby=hkm^Zjkl\_
gZy\eZklvdZdhkh[ZyjZagh\b^ghklvkhpbZevghc\eZklb
Ihgylb_ijbagZdbbkmsghklv]hkm^Zjkl\Z
Ijbqbgubnhjfu\hag
bdgh\_gby]hkm^Zjkl\ZmjZaeb
guo
^h\
Hkgh\gu_l_hjbbij
bkoh`^_gby]hkm^Zjkl\Z
NhjfZ]hkm^Zjkl\Zihgylb_bhkgh\gu_we_f_gluIj
[e_funhjfukh\j_f_ggh]hJhkkb
kdh]h]hkm^Zjkl\Z
Khhlghr_gb_lbiZbnhjfu]hkm^Zjkl\Z
=jZ`^Zgkdh_h[s_kl\hbijZ\h\h_
]hkm^Zjkl\hihgylb_b
ijbag
Ijh[e_funhjfbjh\ZgbyijZ\h\h]h]hkm^Zjkl\Z\Jhkkb
kdhcN
^_jZpbb
Ihgylb_ijbagZdbbnmgdpbbijZ\Z
IjZ\h\kbkl_f_khpbZevguoghjf
GhjfZijZ\Zb__hkgh\gu_we_f_glu
Ihgylb_b\b^unhjfijZ\ZKhhlghr_gb_nhjfubbkl
gbdZij
\Z
GhjfZlb\gh
ijZ\h\hcZdlihgylb_bkljmdlmjZKhhlg
r_gb_gh
fuijZ\ZbklZlvbghjfZlb\gh]hZdlZ
IjZ\h\hch[uqZcb_]hjhev\JhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb
Ihgylb_bhkgh\gu_we_f_glukbkl_fuijZ\Z
HljZkevijZ\ZHkgh\gu_jZagh\b^ghklbhljZke_cijZ
BgklblmlijZ\ZKm[bgklblmlijZ\Z
Hkgh\gu_ijZ\h\u_kbkl_fukh\j_f_gghklbIjZ\h\Zyk
WlZiubklZ^bbaZdhgh^Zl_evgh]hijhp_kkZ\JN
Z\bl_evkl\hJNkljmdlmjZbdhfi_l_gpby
Km^_[gZy\eZklvb__hkgh\gu_ijbagZdb
Ihgylb_b\b^uhj]Zgh\hkh[hcdhfi_l_gpbb
Ij_^f_lf_lh^bkbkl
fZ]jZ`^Zgkdh]hijZ\ZJN
IjZ\hkihkh[ghklv^__kihkh[ghklv^_ebdlhkihkh[ghklv
]jZ`^ZgJNi
gylb_b\b^u
[t_dluh[t_dlubkh^_j`Zgb_]jZ`^ZgkdboijZ\hhlg
r_gbc
Ihgylb_b\b^uk^_ehd
Ij_^klZ\bl_evkl\h�h\
j_gghklv
H[yaZl_evkl\ZKihkh[uh[_ki_q_gbybkiheg_gbyh[ya
l_evkl\
Ij_^f_lbf_lh^ljm^h\
]hijZ\Z
Ljm^h\hc^h]h\hjihjy^hd_]haZdexq_gbybaf_g_gb
yb
jZklhj`_gbyKlhjhguljm^h\h]h^h]h\hjZb^uljm^h\uo^h]h\
jh\
JZ[hq__\j_fyb\j_fyhl^uoZihjhkkbckdhfmaZdhgh^
l_evkl\m
HieZlZljm^Zb^uaZjZ[hlghcieZlu
�bkpbiebgZljm^Z
Hl\_lkl\_gghklvklhjhgljm^h\h]h^h]h\hjZ
Ljm^h\u_kihjubihjy^hdb
ojZaj_r_gby
Ihgylb_bijbgpbiuk_f_cgh]hijZ\Z
;jZdbk_fvyihaZdhgh^Zl_evkl\mJNIhjy^hdbmkeh\by
aZdexq
gbybjZklhj`_gby[jZdZ
IjZ\Zbh[yaZgghklbjh^bl_e_cb^_l_c
Hi_dZbihi_qbl_evkl\h\k_f_cghfijZ\_Mkugh\e_gb_b
_]hh
f_gZIjb_fgZyk_fv
Ihgylb_bkbkl_fZZ^fbgbkljZlb\gh]hijZ\Z
Hkgh\gu_ijbgpbiu]hkm^Zjkl\_ggh]hmijZ\e_gby
Ihgylb_bijbagZdbZ^fbgbkljZlb\gh]hijhklmidZ
P_ebbijbgpbiuZ^fbgbkljZlb\ghchl\_lkl\_gghklbH
gh\Zgbyhk\h[h`^_gbyhlg__
Ihgylb_nmgdpbbbijbgpbiuf_klgh
]hkZfhmijZ\e_gby
Hj]Zguf_klgh]hkZfhmijZ\e_gby\JN
Hkgh\gu_nhjfuhkms_kl\e_gbygZk_e_gb_ff_klgh]hk
e_gby
Ihgylb_ij_^f_lf_lh^baZ^Zqbm]heh\gh]hijZ\ZH
gh\gu_h
jZke_\u_dZl_]hjbb
H[sZyoZjZdl_jbklbdZM]heh\gh]hdh^_dkZJhkkbckdhc
_^_jZpbb
Kbkl_fZb\b^um]heh
guogZdZaZgbcP_ebgZdZaZgby
Kh^_j`Zgb_bbklhqg
dbwdheh]bq_kdh]hijZ\Z
Ihgylb_b\b^uwdheh]
q_kdh]hdhgljhey
H[sZyoZjZdl_jbklbdZa_f_evgh]haZdhgh^Zl_evkl\Z
IjZ\h\u_hkgh\uhojZgu]hkm^Zjkl\_gghclZcgu
Bklhjbq_kdZy
rdheZij
?kl_kl\_ggh
ijZ\h\Zyl_hjby
�h]h\hjgZyrdheZijZ\Z
FZjdkbklkdZyrdheZij
Qbklh_mq_gb_hijZ\_=D_eva_gZ
Khpbheh]bq_kdZyl_hjbyijZ\Z
J_Zebklbq_kdZyrdheZijZ\ZJB_jbg]Z
=jZ`^Zgkdh_ijhp_kkmZevgh_ijZ\hb]jZ`^Zgkdbcijhp_kk
Ih^\_^hfkl\_gghklvbih^km^ghklv]jZ`^Zgkdbo^_eB
dh\h_ijhba\h
kl\hbkmsghklvbkdZ
:i_eeypbydZkkZpbybgZ^ahj\m]heh\ghfb]jZ`^Zgkdhf
ijhp_
ZgZebabjh\Zlvijh[e_fu\aZbfh^_ckl\byiheblheh]bbbij
\Z
xjb^bq_kdb_ijh[e_fubijZ\h\u_ijhp_k
kuijhbkoh^ysb_\h[s
bij_^\b^_lvbo\hafh`gu_ihke_^k
\by
\eZ^_lv
kgh\gufbf_lh^Zfbkihkh[Zfbbkj_^kl\Zfbihemq_gbyb
h[jZ[hldbijZ\h\hcbgnhjfZpbb\lhfqbke_ihkj_^kl\hfbkiheva
\Zgbydhfivxl_jbabjh\Zgguo[ZaijZ\h\uo^Zgguob]eh[Zevgu
dhfivxl_jguok_l_c
H[t_f^bkpbiebgub\b^umq_[ghcjZ[hlu
b^mq_[ghcjZ[hlu
k_]hqZkh\
aZq_lguo_^bgbp
:m^blhjgu_aZgylby \k_]h
lhfqbke_
IjZdlbq_kdb_aZgylby IA
KZfhklhyl_evgZyjZ[hlZ \k_
b^ijhf_`mlhqghcZll_klZpbb
aZq_l
H[sZyljm^h_fdhklv
aZq_lgu__^bgbpu
H[sZyljm^h_fdhklv
aZq_lgu__^bgbpu
Kh^_j`Zgb_^bkpbiebgu
Kh^_j`Zgb_jZa^_eh\bl_f^bkpbiebgu
GZbf_gh\Zgb_
jZa
bl_fu
Kh^_j`Zgb_jZa^_eZ
bl_fu
L_fZ
Hkgh\um]
eh\gh]hijZ\Z
Ihgylb_baZ^Zqbm]heh\gh]hijZ\ZM]heh
gucaZdhgbij_klmie_gb_dZdhkgh\gu_ihg
lbym]heh\gh]hijZ\ZIhgylb
_m]heh\ghch
\_lkl\_gghklb__hkgh\Zgb_KhklZ\ij_klm
e_gbyHl\_lkl\_gghklvg_kh\_jr_gghe_
gbo
H[klhyl_evkl\ZbkdexqZxsb_h[s_kl\_ggmx
hiZkghklvbijhlb\hijZ\ghklv^_ygbyKhmq
klb_\ij_klmie_gbbIhgylb_bp_ebgZdZa
gbyKbkl_fZb\b^um]heh\guog
ZdZaZgbc
H[sZyoZjZdl_jbklbdZHkh[_gghcqZklbMD
m]heh\gZyhl\_lkl\_gghklvaZij_klm
e_gby
ijhlb\ebqghklbijZ\bk\h[h^]jZ`^Zgkh
kl\_gghklbm]heh\gZyhl\_lkl\_gghklvaZo
eb]Zgkl\hij_klmie_gbyk\yaZggu_kgZjd
fZgb_cblhdkbdhfZgb_c 
L_fZ
14.
:i_eeypby
dZkkZpbybgZ
ahj\jhkkb
kdhfaZdhgh^
l_evkl\_
Ihgylb_kmsghklvbagZq_gb_ijhba\h^kl\Z\
km^Zo\lhjhcbgklZgpbb:i_eeypbybdZkk
pbykoh^kl\hbjZaebqb_GZ^ahjgh_ijhba\h
kl\hI_j_kfhlj^_eZih\gh\vhldju\rbfky
h[klhyl_evkl\Zfb_]
hhlebqbyhlgZ^ahjgh]h
jZkkfhlj_gby
L_fZ
Hkgh\gu_ij
\h\u_kbkl_fu
kh\j_f_gghklb
IjZ\h\Zykbkl_fZihgylb_bijbagZdbb^u
ijZ\h\uokbkl_fIjZ\h\Zyk_fvyb__hlebqb_
hlijZ\h\hckbkl_fuIjZ\h\Zykbkl_fZJh
kbbh[sZyoZjZdl_jbklbdZ
L_fZJhkkbckdh_wdheh]bq
kdh_ijZ\h
L_fZHkgh\uZ^fbgbkljZlb
gh]hijZ\Z
L_fZ
M]heh\gh_ijZ\h
L_fZ:i_eeypbydZkkZpbyb
gZ^ahj\jhkkbckdhfaZdhgh^
l_evkl\_
L_fZHkgh\gu_ijZ\h\u_kb
\j_f_gghklb
k_]hihdmjkm
I_j_q_gvijZdlbq_kdboaZgylbc
jZa^
eZ
bl
fu
GZbf_gh\Zgb_k_fbg
\ijZdlbq_kdbobe
[hj
lhjguojZ[hl
dhklv
gu_
kj_^kl\Z
Nhjf
jm_fu_
dhfi_l_
L_fZ
Ij_^f_lbf_lh^^bkp
iebguIjZ\h\_^_gb_
L_fZ
Ihgylb_bkmsghklv]
km^Zjkl\Z
Dheeh
\bmf
1,2
fZ
Ihgylb_bbklhqgbdb
ijZ\Z
1,2
L_fZ
AZdhgghklvijZ\hihj
^hd^bkp
iebgZ
1,2
L_fZ
IjZ\hkhagZgb_bijZ\
\Zydme
lmjZ
1,2
L_fZ
IjZ\hf_jgh_ih\_^_gb_
Xjb^bq_kdZyhl\_lk
\_gghklv
Dheeh
\bmf
1,2
L_fZ
Dhgklblmpbh
gh_ijZ\h
1,2
L_fZ
=jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\hJN
1,2
L_fZ
K_f_cgh_ijZ\hJN
Dheeh
\bmf
1,2
L_fZ
^h\h_ijZ\hJN
Dheeh
\bmf
1,2
L_fZ
Wdheh]bq
kdh_ijZ\h
1,2
L_fZ
^fbgbkljZlb\gh_ij
1,2
L_fZ
M]heh\gh_ijZ\h
L_fZ
:i_eeypbydZkkZpbyb
gZ^ahj\jhkkbckdhfa
dhgh^
l_evkl\_
Dheeh
\bmf
L_fZ
Hkgh\gu_ijZ\h\u_
kbkl_fuk
\j_f_gghklb
Dheeh
\bmf
1,2,5,7
_]hihdmjkm
Ijbf_jgZyl_fZlbdZdmjkh\uoijh_dlh\ jZ[hl  ijbg
ebqbb 
g_ij_^mkfhlj_gh
Mq_[gh
f_lh^bq_kdh_bbgnhjfZpbhggh_h[_ki_q_gb_^b
pbiebgu
Z n_^_jZevgu_aZdhgubghjf
lb\gu_^hdmf_glu
DhgklblmpbyJN ] JhkkbckdZy]Z
a_lZ
]
=jZ`^Zgkdbcdh^_dkJh
kbckdhcN_^_jZpbbQ
F
XjZcl
F
M]heh\gucdh^_dkJN ] Kh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\Z
JN]kl
K_f_cgucdh^_dkJN ] Kh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_ev
kl\Z
JN]kl
Dh^_dkh[Z^fbgbkljZlb\guoijZ\hgZjmr_gbyoJhkkbckdhc
pbb ] Kh[jZgb_aZdhgh^Zl_evkl\ZJN]
kl
Ljm^h\hcdh^_dkJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb ] Kh[jZgb_
aZdhg
^Zl_evkl\ZJN
kl
7.
�_deZjZpbyijZ\bk\h[h^q_eh\_dZb]jZ`^ZgbgZIjbgylZ
ghy[jy]Kt_a^hfgZjh^guo^_imlZlh\JKNKJ_^hfhklb
Kt_a^ZgZjh^guo^
imlZlh\JKNKJb_joh\gh]hKh\_lZJN]
kl
Nhjfhc]hkm^Zjkl\_ggh]hmkljhckl\Zy\ey_lky
 mgblZjgh_
 ^_fhdjZlbq_kdh_
 ij_ab^_glkdh_
Z`g_crbcijbagZdghjfuijZ\ZhlebqZx
sbc__hl
ghjffhjZeb
 h[sbcoZjZdl_j
 kh^_j`blijZ\beZih\_^_gby
 h[s_h
[yaZl_evgucoZjZdl_j
J_r_gb_ihdhgdj_lghfm^_emkm^_[ghfmbebZ^fbgbk
jZlb\ghfmklZ\r__h[jZaphf^eyjZkkfhlj_gbyZgZeh]bqguo
\hijhkh\_klv
 ghjfZlb\gucZdl
 xjb^bq_kdbcij_p_^_gl
 f_`^mgZjh^guc^h]h\hj
IjbagZdhlebqZxsbcaZdh
ghlbguoghj
fZlb\guoZ
lh\
 ba^Z_lky\hij_^_e_gghfihjy^d_
 ba^Z_lkydhfi_l_glgufhj]Zghf
 h[eZ^Z_l\ukr_cxjb^bq_kdhckbehc
QlhagZqblh[jZlgZykbeZaZdhgZ"
 ihke_ijbgylbygh\h]hZ
lZijh^he`Z_l
ky^_ckl\b_klZjh]h
 jZkijhkljZgy
_lk\h_^_ckl\b_lhevdhgZijhr_^rb_hlghr
 fh`_ljZkijhkljZgylv^_ckl\b_bgZhl
ghr_gby\hagbdrb_
^h_]h\klmie_gby\kbem
Bklhqgbdhfjhkkbckd
]hijZ\Zy\ey_lky
 h[uqZc
 xjb^bq_kdbcij_p_^_gl
 ghjfZlb\gucZdl
u[_jbl_\i_
klblmlijZ\Z
 ]jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\h
 ]jZ`^Zgkl\h
 Z^fbgbkljZlb\gh_ijZ\h
Dkn_j_im[ebqgh]hijZ\Zhlghkblky
 k_f_cgh_ijZ\h
 dhgklblmpbhggh_ijZ\h
 ]jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\h
=jZ`^Zgkdh_ijZ\hj_]mebjm_l
 h[s_kl\_ggu_hlghr
_gby\kn_j_ljm^Z
 [jZqgh
k_f_cgu_hlghr_gby

bfms_kl\_ggu_bk\yaZggu_kgbfbebqgu_g_bfms
kl\_ggu_hlghr_gby
ukr_cxjb^bq_kdhckbehc\JNh[eZ^Z_l
 N_^_jZevgucdhgklblmpbhggucaZdhg
 DhgklblmpbyJN
 N_^_jZevgucaZdhg
15.
IZjeZf_glJNgZau\Z_lky
 Kh\_lN_^_jZpbb
 N_^_jZevgh_Kh[jZgb_
 =hkm^Zjkl\_ggZy�mfZ
ukrbfhj]Zghfbkihegbl_evghc\eZklb\JNy
ey_lky
 Ij_ab^_glJN
 =hkm^Zjkl\_ggucKh\_l
 IjZ\bl_evkl\h
M]heh\gu_]jZ`^Zgkdb_bZ^fbgbkljZ
lb\
gu_^_eZjZ
kfZljb\Zxl
 Dhgklblmpbhgguckm^JN
 :j[bljZ`gu_km^u
Km^uh[s_cxjbk^bdpbb
DhgklblmpbyJNaZdj_ibeZke_^mxsmxnhj
fmg_ihkj_
kl\_ggh]hmqZklbygZjh^Z\mijZ\e_gbb
 j_n_j_g^mf
Ihgylb_kljmdlmjZb\b^uijZ\hkhagZgby
IjZ\h\ZydmevlmjZb__khklhygb_\kh\j_f_gghcJhkkbb
AZdhgghklvijZ\hihjy^hd^bkpbiebgZihgylb_bkhhlg
r_gb_
IjZ
\h\hcgb]bebafijbqbgubimlbboij_h^he_gby
IjZ\hhlghr_gbyihgylb_bkhklZ\
Km[t_dluijZ\hhlghr_gbc
Km[t_dlb\gh_ijZ\hbxjb^bq_kdZyh[yaZgghklvdZdwe
f_gluij
\hhlghr_gbc
Ihgylb_b\b^uh[t_
lh\ijZ\hhlghr_gbc
Xjb^bq_kdb_nZdludZdhkgh\Zgby\hag
bdgh\_gbybaf
g_gbybij_djZs_gbyijZ\hhlghr
Xjb^bq_kdZyijZdlbdZ
IjZ\h\ZyiheblbdZkh\j_f_gghcJhkkbbihgylb_bijb
pbiu
IjZ\hgZjmr_gb_ihg
lb_ijbagZdb\b^u
Xjb^bq_kdbckhklZ\ij
\hgZjmr_gby
Ihgylb_ijbagZdbb\b^uxjb^bq_kdhchl\_lkl\_ggh
P_ebbijbgpbiuhl\_lkl\_gghklbihjhkkbckdhfmaZdhg
\m
H[klhyl_evkl\Zbkde
qZxsb_ijhlb\hijZ\ghklv^_ygbyb
q_kdmxhl\_lkl\_gghklv
DhgklblmpbyJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb\kbkl_f_ghjfZlb
guoijZ\
\uoZdlh\
Hkgh\udhgklblmpbhggh]hkljhykh
\j_f_ggh]hJhkkbckd
]h]hk
^Zjkl\Z
IjZ\h\hcklZlmkebqghklbihgylb_bhkgh\gu_jZagh\b
Ihgylb_ijbgpbiub\b^u]jZ`^Zgkl\ZHkgh\Zgby_]h
ijbh[j_l
gbybij_djZs_gby
IjbgpbijZa^_e_gby\eZkl_cihgylb_bagZq_gb_
Hj]Zg]hkm^Zjkl\Zhij_^_e_gb_
ijbagZdbdeZkkbnbdZpby
Ij_ab^_glJhkkbckdhcN_^_jZpbb\kbkl_f_]hkm^Zjkl\_
klb
Ihjy^hd\u[hjh\bij_djZs_gbyiheghfhqbcIj_ab^_glZ
AZdhgh^Zl_evgZy\eZklv\JNihgylb_kljmdlmjZiheg
fhqby

Приложенные файлы

  • pdf 87636088
    Размер файла: 976 kB Загрузок: 0

Добавить комментарий